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Human dirofilariasis is a rare infection in Malaysia. Thus far, only two human cases have been reported viz. Dirofilaria immitis and D. (Nochtiella) repens and in both instances, adult worms were recovered from infected patients. The two cases reported in the present study, one from Melaka and the other from Penang, were diagnosed histologically. Based on(More)
Clonorchiasis and opisthorchiasis are snail-transmitted trematode infections. The disease is endemic in many parts of Asia. Local case reports have been predominantly in Chinese with a history of travel to endemic countries. Thus far, 20 cases of liver fluke infestation have been reported in this country. This report presents another two cases of(More)
EBV is associated with the epithelial cancer, nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), and the lymphoid malignancy, Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). The EBV latent membrane proteins 1 and 2A are expressed in these tumors. These proteins activate the phosphatidylinositol 3'-OH kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway, which is commonly activated inappropriately in malignancy. In this study,(More)
EBV latent infection is associated with the development of lymphoid and epithelial malignancies such as nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The EBV latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) acts as a constitutively active tumor necrosis factor receptor and activates cellular signaling pathways such as c-Jun-NH(2)-terminal kinase, cdc42, Akt, and nuclear factor(More)
Between January 1974 and June 1980, 85 cases of cryptococcosis were diagnosed in the University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The diagnosis was based on positive culture of the organism in 81 cases; the remaining four were diagnosed on histopathological findings. Cerebral cryptococcosis was the most common presentation and Chinese are particularly(More)
Behçet's syndrome is a rare multisystem disorder. The occurrence in families although well recognised is uncommon. The mode of inheritance, however, has not been elucidated. Sixty-one cases of familial disease have been documented to date. There was only one previous report on familial Behçet's syndrome with gastrointestinal involvement. This paper reports(More)
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a world health problem and is associated with exposure to different risk factors. In the west, smoking and alcohol consumption are considered to be the main risk factors whilst in India and southeast Asia, betel quid (BQ) chewing is predominant. In this study, we compared the gene expression patterns of oral cancers(More)
Three cases of muscular sarcocystosis from West Malaysia are reported. The morphological features of the parasites from these three cases are similar to the eight cases previously reported from this country. A review of this total of eleven cases of muscular sarcocystosis showed that they were all incidental findings, where man acted as intermediate hosts(More)
Diabetic mastopathy is a rare fibroinflammatory breast disease characterized by lymphocytic lobulitis, ductitis, and perivasculitis with stromal fibrosis. This lesion often presents as a discretely palpable uni-or bilateral mass in long-standing type I diabetes and other autoimmune diseases. We report a case of insulin-dependent diabetic mastopathy, which(More)