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The anticonvulsant drug Diazepam (DIA-2 mg/kg b. wt), the nitric oxide (NO) donor L-Arginine (L-Arg-2000 mg/kg b. wt) and the putative nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor N(G)-Nitro-L-Arginine methyl ester (L-NAME-50 mg/kg b. wt) were used to determine the role of endogenous NO on convulsions induced by picrotoxin (PCT-5 mg/kg b. wt) in rats. Rats given a(More)
Vascular amyloidosis in Alzheimer's disease (AD) results in the exposure of red blood cells to beta-amyloid fibrils (A beta). The potential in vivo ramifications of this exposure have been investigated by injecting A beta(1-40) alone or A beta-bound mouse red blood cells into the circulation of C57BL/6 mice. Results indicate that when A beta(1-40) is(More)
Conformational transition of soluble monomeric amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) into oligomeric and protofibrillar aggregates plays a key role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). One of the central questions surrounding the molecular pathophysiology of AD is how the soluble Abeta is converted into its aggregated toxic form. A more detailed(More)
The results of the present study clearly shows that a correlation exists between nitric oxide (NO) and gamma-aminobutyric acid transaminase (GABAT-T) activity as well as gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glutamic acid and the activity of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD). Supporting of this 10 min after the administration of L-Arginine (L-Arg) increased GABA(More)
Increased neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) activity was observed during the prodromal period of seizures in various rat brain regions following administration of GABA(A) receptor antagonist, picrotoxin (PCT). Pretreatment with the selective nNOS inhibitor 7-nitroindazole (7-NI), dose- and time-dependently delayed the onset of clonus with a(More)
This paper describes the regeneration of lesioned sciatic nerve with collagen tubes incorporated with RGD cell-adhesive peptide. Collagen implants of 14 mm were grafted to bridge a gap length of 10 mm nerve defect in a rat model. The regenerated tissues were analyzed histomorphologically. The number of myelinated axons in the regenerated mid-graft of the(More)
Acute inflammation activates macrophages or monocytes and subsequently releases several inflammatory cytokines and reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. These proinflammatory cytokines activate astrocytes and trigger neurodegenerative diseases. In this work, we chose to address the mechanistic aspects of alpha-crystallin's protective function in(More)
Collagen is one of the best materials used for nerve guide preparation due to its biocompatibility and desirable tensile strength. In this work, we have compared regeneration and functional reinnervation after sciatic nerve resection with bioresorbable crosslinked collagen guides in 10 mm gap. The crosslinking was carried out either with glutaraldehyde(More)
The major pathological consequence of Alzheimer disease (AD) is accumulation of beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptide fibrillar plaque in the brain and subsequent inflammatory reaction associated with the surrounding cells due to the presence of these aggregates. Inflammation is the major complication associated with Abeta peptide vaccination. Abeta peptide(More)
Alzheimer's disease is associated with vascular amyloidosis. As blood flows through the microcirculation, red blood cells (RBCs) come in contact with the vasculature. RBCs as well as endothelial cells (ECs) are known to bind beta amyloid fibrils. This suggests that a potential effect of amyloidosis may involve the interactions of RBCs with ECs lining the(More)
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