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The increase in the physical size of high performance computing (HPC) platform makes system reliability more challenging. In order to minimize the performance loss (rollback and checkpoint overheads) due to unexpected failures or unnecessary overhead of fault tolerant mechanisms, we present a reliability-aware method for an optimal checkpoint/restart(More)
For full checkpoint on a large-scale HPC system, huge memory contexts must potentially be transferred through the network and saved in a reliable storage. As such, the time taken to checkpoint becomes a critical issue which directly impacts the total execution time. Therefore, incremental checkpoint as a less intrusive method to reduce the waste time has(More)
BACKGROUND Intimal hyperplastic thickening (IHT) is a frequent cause of prosthetic bypass graft failure. Induction and progression of IHT is thought to involve a number of mechanisms related to variation in the flow field, injury and the prosthetic nature of the conduit. This study was designed to examine the relative contribution of wall shear stress and(More)
Cluster computing has been attracting more and more attention from both the industry and the academia for its enormous computing power, cost effectiveness, and scalability. Availability is a key system attribute that needs to be considered both at system design stage and must reflect the actuality. System monitoring and logging enables identifying unplanned(More)
Incremental checkpoint mechanism was introduced to reduce high checkpoint overhead of regular (full) checkpointing, especially in high-performance computing systems. To gain an extra advantage from the incremental checkpoint technique, we propose an optimal checkpoint frequency function that globally minimizes the expected wasted time of the incremental(More)
BACKGROUND During clinical application of flow surveillance of hemodialysis grafts, the risk of thrombosis is assessed month after month, rather than after one or several measurements, as has been done in published studies. Adequate assessment of risk should consider the many measurements obtained over time. STUDY DESIGN Prospective cohort diagnostic test(More)
Most recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have found that hemodialysis graft surveillance combined with preemptive correction of stenosis does not prolong graft survival. Nevertheless, such programs may be justified if they reduce other adverse outcomes or decrease the cost of care. This study tested this hypothesis by applying a secondary analysis to(More)