Raj Wadgaonkar

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The pathogenesis of inflammation in the central nervous system (CNS), which contributes to numerous neurodegenerative diseases and results in encephalopathy and neuroinflammation, is poorly understood. Sphingolipid metabolism plays a crucial role in maintaining cellular processes in the CNS, and thus mediates the various pathological consequences of(More)
BACKGROUND It has been proposed that plasma sphingomyelin (SM) plays a very important role in plasma lipoprotein metabolism and atherosclerosis. Sphingomyelin synthase (SMS) is the last enzyme for SM de novo biosynthesis. Two SMS genes, SMS1 and SMS2, have been cloned and characterized. METHODS AND RESULTS To evaluate the in vivo role of SMS2 in SM(More)
Sphingosine kinase-1 is known to mediate Mycobacterium smegmatis induced inflammatory responses in macrophages, but its role in controlling infection has not been reported to date. We aimed to unravel the significance of SphK-1 in controlling M. smegmatis infection in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Our results demonstrated for the first time that selective(More)
Pancreatitis-associated proteins (PAP) are stress-induced secretory proteins that are implicated in immunoregulation. Previous studies have demonstrated that PAP is up-regulated in acute pancreatitis and that gene knockdown of PAP correlated with worsening severity of pancreatitis, suggesting a protective effect for PAP. In the present study, we(More)
Mammalian cardiac muscle contains two myosin alkali light chains: 1) the atrial light chain (MLC1A), and 2) the ventricular light chain (MLC1V) predominantly expressed either in the atrium or in the ventricle. In this report we describe the isolation and characterization of the complete gene for rat MLC1V. The rat MLC1V gene is approximately 6.5 kb long and(More)
Endothelial dysfunction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in sickle cell disease (SCD). A variety of evidence suggests that circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play an integral role in vascular repair. We hypothesized that SCD patients with PAH are deficient in EPCs, potentially contributing to(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi infects all nucleated cells in both humans and experimental animals. As a prelude to our studies of T. cruzi pathogenesis in the gastrointestinal system, we have initiated in vitro cultures of gut (Caco-2 and HT-29) and pancreatic (Panc-1) epithelial cells. We show that along with primary human fibroblasts, all three cell lines are(More)
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