Raj Kumar Rattan

Learn More
Metformin, the most widely used drug for type 2 diabetes activates 59 adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which regulates cellular energy metabolism. Here, we report that ovarian cell lines VOSE, A2780, CP70, C200, OV202, OVCAR3, SKOV3ip, PE01 and PE04 predominantly express -α(1), -β(1), -γ(1) and -γ(2) isoforms of AMPK subunits.(More)
Globoid cell leukodystrophy (Krabbe disease) is an inherited neurological disorder caused by the pathogenomic accumulation of psychosine (galactosylsphingosine), a substrate for the deficient enzyme galactocerebroside beta-galactosidase. This study underscores the mechanism of action of psychosine in the regulation of oligodendrocyte cell death via the(More)
We have previously shown that a frequently downregulated gene, transcription elongation factor A-like 7 (TCEAL7), promoted anchorage-independent growth and modulated Myc activity in ovarian surface epithelial cells immortalized with temperature-sensitive large T antigen and human telomerase reverse transcriptase (OSEtsT/hTERT). Analysis of protein/DNA array(More)
The pathophysiological mechanisms that drive the development and progression of epithelial ovarian cancer remain obscure. Recently, we identified TCEAL7 as a transcriptional regulatory protein often downregulated in epithelial ovarian cancer. However, the biological significance of such downregulation in cancer is not currently known. Here, we show that(More)
The Barber-Cushman mechanistic nutrient uptake model which has been utilized extensively to describe and predict nutrient uptake by crop plants at different stages of crop growth was evaluated for its ability to predict the Zn uptake by rice seedlings. Uptake of the nutrient is, therefore, determined by the rate of nutrient supply to the root surface by(More)
We attempted to develop a protocol for fixing the maximum permissible limit of sludge in agricultural lands based on transfer of metals from sludge-amended soils to human food chain. For this purpose, spinach was grown as a test crop on acid and alkaline soils with graded doses of sludge (0, 1.12, 2.24, 4.48, 8.96, 17.9, 35.8, 71.6, 142 and 285 g kg(-1) of(More)
This study emphasizes the importance of Rho/ROCK pathway in lovastatin-induced apoptosis as replenishment with exogenous isoprenoid, geranylgeranylpyrophosphate (GGPP), resulted in inhibition of apoptosis in cultured tumor cells. Treatment of C6 glioma cells with Toxin B and exoenzyme C3 resulted in cell death suggesting the role of geranylgeranylated(More)
Risk assessment of metal-contaminated soil depends on how precisely one can predict the solubility of metals in soils. Responses of plants and soil organisms to metal toxicity are explained by the variation in free metal ion activity in soil pore water. This study was undertaken to predict the free ion activity of Zn, Cu, Ni, Cd, and Pb in(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory and demyelinating disease of the CNS. Although, MS is well characterized in terms of the role played by immune cells, cytokines and CNS pathology, nothing is known about the metabolic alterations that occur during the disease process in circulation. Recently, metabolic aberrations have been defined in(More)
Laboratory and greenhouse experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of farmyard manure (FYM), CaCO(3) and single superphosphate (SSP) on retention and availability of Zn, Cu and Ni in sewage-irrigated soil. We also assessed the suitability of 0.05M EDTA for predicting the effectiveness of these amendments in reducing the phytoavailability of(More)