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This pilot study compared basic neurocognitive functioning among older and younger cocaine abusers and control participants, as a preliminary assessment of whether specific cognitive deficits exist in an aged cocaine-abusing population. We hypothesized an interaction between aging and cocaine abuse, such that older cocaine abusers would exhibit decreased(More)
The number of older adults needing substance abuse treatment is projected to rise significantly in the next few decades. This paper will focus on the epidemic of prescription use disorders in older adults. Particular vulnerabilities of older adults to addiction will be considered. Specifically, the prevalence and patterns of use of opioids, stimulants, and(More)
Alcohol use disorders are highly prevalent conditions that generate a large fraction of the total public health burden. These disorders are concentrated in mentally ill populations, in which reliability of self-reporting of alcohol consumption may be especially compromised. The application of objective biomarkers for alcohol use may therefore play an(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about whether the duration of cocaine use or an individual's age may influence the acute effects of cocaine, patterns of use, and specific treatment needs. OBJECTIVES This post hoc analysis determined whether the duration of cocaine use or current age influenced the acute subjective response to cocaine. Data from four smoked(More)
BACKGROUND APOE e4 genotype is known to be a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease and atherosclerosis. Recently, published evidence has shown that APOE e4 genotype may also be associated with the cessation of cigarette smoking. OBJECTIVES The aim of this retrospective analysis was to explore whether any past smoking outcomes differed based on APOE e4(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was an anonymous Internet survey of individuals currently diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD), where participants gave opinions about BPD criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition-Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR), and suggested modifications for BPD criteria to appear in the DSM-V(More)
Alcohol use disorders cause significant morbidity and mortality in the geriatric population. This review article begins with a hypothetical case for illustration, asking what the primary care physician could do for a geriatric patient with alcohol abuse over a course of four office visits. Various aspects of alcohol use disorders in the geriatric population(More)
OBJECTIVE Craving has long been cited by patients and providers as a principal construct in alcohol use disorders and an essential target for treatment. The goal of the current study was to examine the effects of alcohol availability (20% vs. 80% availability), access to alcohol ("open" vs. "locked" trials), and medication (oral naltrexone [Revia] vs.(More)
This secondary analysis of a larger study compared adherence to telephone-administered cognitive-behavioral therapy (T-CBT) vs. face-to-face CBT and depression outcomes in depressed primary care patients with co-occurring problematic alcohol use. To our knowledge, T-CBT has never been directly compared to face-to-face CBT in such a sample of primary care(More)