Raita Tamaki

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Enterovirus 68 (EV68) is a rare enterovirus associated with respiratory illness that, unlike other enteroviruses, has been identified only from respiratory specimens. We identified EV68 from respiratory specimens of children hospitalized with a diagnosis of severe pneumonia in Leyte, Republic of the Philippines. Twenty-one samples showed high similarity(More)
We conducted a longitudinal study to identify risk factors for postpartum depression. At the late phase of pregnancy, 627 pregnant women agreed to take the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Trait (STAIT) test and to remain in the study until 4 months postpartum. At 1, 3 and 4 months postpartum, they took the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) test and(More)
A case note study of postpartum psychiatric illness as defined by Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC) was conducted in an epidemiologically defined large area of Japan. The admission rate was 0.34/1000 live births. The most frequent diagnostic category was affective disorder (53%). "Atypical" symptoms were observed in 31% of all cases and were more frequent(More)
D-serine is an endogenous and obligatory coagonist for the glycine site of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor in the mammalian brain. D-serine is synthesized from L-serine by serine racemase; immunohistochemical studies have long been believed to indicate that serine racemase and D-serine occur predominantly in astrocytes. However, we have recently(More)
Human rhinovirus (HRV) C was recently identified as the third species of HRV using a molecular technique. Infections caused by previously identified HRVs (A and B) are thought to be limited to the respiratory tract; however, pathogenesis of HRVC is still largely unknown. A total of 816 nasopharyngeal swabs from hospitalized children with severe respiratory(More)
UNLABELLED Increased detection of enterovirus 68 (EV68) among patients with acute respiratory infections has been reported from different parts of the world in the late 2000s since its first detection in pediatric patients with lower-respiratory-tract infections in 1962. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms for this trend are still unknown. We(More)
Pneumonia is a leading cause of deaths in infants and young children in developing countries, including the Philippines. However, data at the community level remains limited. Our study aimed to estimate incidence and mortality rates and to evaluate risk factors and health-seeking behavior for childhood pneumonia. A household level interview survey was(More)
The behavioral effects induced by methamphetamine (5.0 mg/kg) were compared in the mutant mice lacking d-amino acid oxidase activity and normal mice. The mutant mice exhibited marked decline in the methamphetamine-induced stereotypy compared to the normal mice, whereas the mutant mice displayed a drastic augmentation in the locomotor activity evoked by(More)
The contents of [Met5]-enkephalin-Arg6-Phe7 (met-enk-RF) and its six hydrolysis products: Y, YG, YGG, YGGF, YGGFM, and YGGFMR were estimated after incubating met-enk-RF with either a guinea-pig ileal or striatal membrane fraction for various times at 37° C. After 45 min incubation with either ileal or striatal membranes, met-enk-RF was completely(More)
BACKGROUND Pneumonia remains a leading cause of child death in developing countries. The viruses in severe pneumonia remain poorly defined. METHODS The study was conducted at the Eastern Visayas Regional Medical Center in Tacloban City, Philippines from May 2008 to May 2009. Patients aged 8 days to 13 years old who were admitted to the Department of(More)