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By differential screening of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- activated endothelial cells (ECs), we have identified a cDNA clone that turned out to be a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (iap) gene family. iap genes function to protect cells from undergoing apoptotic death in response to a variety of stimuli. These(More)
BACKGROUND Many cancers spread through lymphatic routes, and mechanistic insights of tumour intravasation into the lymphatic vasculature and targets for intervention are limited. The major emphasis of research focuses currently on the molecular biology of tumour cells, while still little is known regarding the contribution of lymphatics. METHODS Breast(More)
Human glioblastoma cells secrete a peptide, termed glioblastoma-derived T cell suppressor factor (G-TsF), which has suppressive effects on interleukin-2-dependent T cell growth. As shown here, complementary DNA for G-TsF reveals that G-TsF shares 71% amino acid homology with transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). In analogy to TGF-beta it is apparently(More)
Apoptosis is important in normal development as well as in diseases such as atherosclerosis. However, the regulation of apoptosis is still not completely understood. We now show that the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) controls the induction of apoptosis in human and rat vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). SMCs in high-density(More)
During the inflammatory response, endothelial cells (EC) transiently upregulate a set of genes encoding, among others, cell adhesion molecules and chemotactic cytokines that together mediate the interaction of the endothelium with cells of the immune system. Gene upregulation is mediated predominantly at the transcriptional level and in many cases involves(More)
XIAP (X chromosome-linked inhibitor of apoptosis) is a member of the anti-apoptotic IAP gene family and an inhibitor of caspase-3. We show here that loss of XIAP renders cells highly sensitive to oxidative stress. Stimulation of XIAP(-/-) MEF with hydrogen peroxide, or other agents that generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) results in increased apoptosis(More)
Gem belongs to the Rad/Gem/Kir (RGK) subfamily of Ras-related GTPases, which also comprises Rem, Rem2 and Ges. The RGK family members Ges and Rem have been shown to produce endothelial cell sprouting and reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton upon overexpression. Here we show that high intracellular Gem levels promote profound changes in cell morphology(More)
T cell suppressor factor produced by human glioblastoma cells inhibits T cell proliferation in vitro and more specifically interferes with interleukin-2 (IL-2)-dependent T cell growth. Here we report the purification of this factor from conditioned medium of the human glioblastoma cell line 308. Amino-terminal sequence analysis of the 12.5-kd protein(More)
Exposure of endothelial and many other cell types to tumor necrosis factor alpha generates both apoptotic and anti-apoptotic signals. The anti-apoptotic pathway leads to activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB that regulates the expression of genes such as A20 or members of the IAP gene family that protect cells from tumor necrosis factor(More)
Oxidized 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine (Ox-PAPC) upregulates a spectrum of inflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules different from those induced by classic inflammatory mediators such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) or lipopolysaccharide. Interestingly, Ox-PAPC also induces the expression of a set of proteins(More)