Rainer de Martin

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By differential screening of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- activated endothelial cells (ECs), we have identified a cDNA clone that turned out to be a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (iap) gene family. iap genes function to protect cells from undergoing apoptotic death in response to a variety of stimuli. These(More)
Exposure of endothelial and many other cell types to tumor necrosis factor alpha generates both apoptotic and anti-apoptotic signals. The anti-apoptotic pathway leads to activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB that regulates the expression of genes such as A20 or members of the IAP gene family that protect cells from tumor necrosis factor(More)
BACKGROUND Many cancers spread through lymphatic routes, and mechanistic insights of tumour intravasation into the lymphatic vasculature and targets for intervention are limited. The major emphasis of research focuses currently on the molecular biology of tumour cells, while still little is known regarding the contribution of lymphatics. METHODS Breast(More)
During the inflammatory response, endothelial cells (EC) transiently upregulate a set of genes encoding, among others, cell adhesion molecules and chemotactic cytokines that together mediate the interaction of the endothelium with cells of the immune system. Gene upregulation is mediated predominantly at the transcriptional level and in many cases involves(More)
Apoptosis is important in normal development as well as in diseases such as atherosclerosis. However, the regulation of apoptosis is still not completely understood. We now show that the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) controls the induction of apoptosis in human and rat vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). SMCs in high-density(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha has been shown to be a major therapeutic target in rheumatoid arthritis with the success of anti-TNFalpha antibody clinical trials. Although signaling pathways leading to TNFalpha expression have been studied in some detail, there is evidence for considerable differences between individual cell types. This prompted us to(More)
Induction of interleukin-8 (IL-8) by IL-1 or tumor necrosis factor (TNF), and repression by interferons or glucocorticoids have been shown to involve sequences between nucleotides -94 and -71 of the 5'-flanking region, and the transcription factors NF-IL-6 and NF-kappaB. The A3 cell line was derived from the human melanoma cell line G-361 by stable(More)
We aimed to investigate the dynamics of the NF-kappaB signaling pathway in living cells using GFP variants of p65-NF-kappaB, IkappaBalpha, tumor necrosis factor-receptor associated factor 2 (TRAF2), the NF-kappaB inducing kinase (NIK) and IkappaB kinases (IKK1 and IKK2). Detailed kinetic analysis of constitutive nucleocytoplasmic shuttling processes(More)
Oxidized 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine (Ox-PAPC) upregulates a spectrum of inflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules different from those induced by classic inflammatory mediators such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) or lipopolysaccharide. Interestingly, Ox-PAPC also induces the expression of a set of proteins(More)
XIAP (X chromosome-linked inhibitor of apoptosis) is a member of the anti-apoptotic IAP gene family and an inhibitor of caspase-3. We show here that loss of XIAP renders cells highly sensitive to oxidative stress. Stimulation of XIAP(-/-) MEF with hydrogen peroxide, or other agents that generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) results in increased apoptosis(More)