Rainer Waser

Learn More
This review covers resistive random access memories which utilize redox processes and ionic motion on the nanoscale as their storage principle (ReRAM). Generic aspects are described in order to provide the physics and chemistry background for the explanation of the microscopic switching mechanism and of the high nonlinearity in the switching kinetics. The(More)
Many metal-insulator-metal systems show electrically induced resistive switching effects and have therefore been proposed as the basis for future non-volatile memories. They combine the advantages of Flash and DRAM (dynamic random access memories) while avoiding their drawbacks, and they might be highly scalable. Here we propose a coarse-grained(More)
On the road towards higher memory density and computer performance, a significant improvement in energy efficiency constitutes the dominant goal in future information technology. Passive crossbar arrays of memristive elements were suggested a decade ago as non-volatile random access memories (RAM) and can also be used for reconfigurable logic circuits. As(More)
This review focuses on electrochemical metallization memory cells (ECM), highlighting their advantages as the next generation memories. In a brief introduction, the basic switching mechanism of ECM cells is described and the historical development is sketched. In a second part, the full spectra of materials and material combinations used for memory device(More)
The great variability in the electrical properties of multinary oxide materials, ranging from insulating, through semiconducting to metallic behaviour, has given rise to the idea of modulating the electronic properties on a nanometre scale for high-density electronic memory devices. A particularly promising aspect seems to be the ability of perovskites to(More)
The realization of logic operations within passive crossbar memory arrays is a promising approach to expand the fields of application of such architectures. Material implication was recently suggested as the basic function of memristive crossbar junctions, and single bipolar resistive switches (BRS) as well as complementary resistive switches (CRS) were(More)
Redox-based nanoionic resistive memory cells are one of the most promising emerging nanodevices for future information technology with applications for memory, logic and neuromorphic computing. Recently, the serendipitous discovery of the link between redox-based nanoionic-resistive memory cells and memristors and memristive devices has further intensified(More)
Nanoscale metal inclusions in or on solid-state dielectrics are an integral part of modern electrocatalysis, optoelectronics, capacitors, metamaterials and memory devices. The properties of these composite systems strongly depend on the size, dispersion of the inclusions and their chemical stability, and are usually considered constant. Here we demonstrate(More)
Resistance random access memory, short RRAM, which employs two or more resistive states of a material for data storage, has attracted considerable attention as a highly scalable future non-volatile memory concept. [ 1 , 2 ] These memory cells that can also be described as so-called memristors are particularly interesting when multilevel resistance values or(More)