Rainer Steffens

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BACKGROUND A growing body of evidence suggests that electromagnetic interference may occur between cardiac pacemakers and wireless hand-held (cellular) telephones, posing a potential public health problem. Electromagnetic interference may occur when the pacemaker is exposed to an electromagnetic field generated by the cellular telephone. METHODS In this(More)
Epidemiologists are now embarking on the evaluation of the hypothesis that exposure to radio frequency energy from low-power wireless communication devices, such as portable cellular telephones, causes brain cancer and other adverse health outcomes. Even in the laboratory, exposures from radio frequency sources are difficult to quantify; their measurement(More)
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is characterized by the presence of a t(9;22)(q34;q11.2), which leads to the well-known BCR-ABL1 fusion protein. We describe a patient who was diagnosed clinically with a typical CML but on cytogenetic analysis was found to have a t(9;22)(p24;q11.2). Chromosomal fluorescence in situ hybridization showed that the BCR gene locus(More)
In myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) chromosomal anomalies can be identified in 50-80% of patients. They have a diagnostic and prognostic impact and are increasingly considered for therapeutic decisions. Cytomorphology and cytogenetic analyses of bone marrow (bm) cells define the goldstandard to diagnose MDS patients and to document treatment response. We(More)
In myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), the karyotype is one of the most significant prognostic markers with profound impact on differential diagnosis and therapeutic decisions. In a retrospective study, we examined karyotypes of bone marrow specimens of an oligocentric cohort comprising 529 patients with MDS to address the question how many metaphases need to(More)
The decline in cirrhosis mortality in recent years in light of increases in cirrhosis morbidity, as reflected in hospital discharge data, is examined. Although there does not appear to be a single explanation for the decline in mortality, it is suggested that increased identification and treatment, as measured by substantial increases in the rates of(More)
Zur Minimierung des perioperativen Risikos transfusionsassoziierter Komplikationen wird im Rahmen von Dysgnathieeingriffen in der Regel eine präoperative Eigenblutspende durchgeführt. Mit der vorliegenden Studie wurde die Notwendigkeit dieser Maßnahme kritisch hinsichtlich gesundheitlicher, ökonomischer und juristischer Fragestellung untersucht. Im Zeitraum(More)
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is immunophenotypically characterized by cell surface co-expression of CD19, CD20, CD5, IgM and FMC7. However, the concomitant presence of other antigens distinctive of a particular leukocyte subset, e.g. T-lymphocytes, is an exceptional finding in MCL. Here, the first case of a blastic MCL in leukaemic phase with aberrant(More)
Discordances between the estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), expression between primary breast tumors and their subsequent brain metastases (BM) were investigated in breast cancer patients. We collected retrospective data from 11 institutions in 8 countries in a predefined-standardized(More)
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