Rainer Schulin

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Metal pollution of soils is widespread across the globe, and the clean up of these soils is a difficulttask. One possible remediation technique is ex-situ soil washing using chelating agents. Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) is a very effective chelating agent for this purpose but has the disadvantage that it is quite persistent in the environment due(More)
Phytoextraction is an environmentally friendly in situ technique for cleaning up metal contaminated land. Unfortunately, efficient metal uptake by remediation plants is often limited by low phytoavailability of the targeted metals. Chelant assisted phytoextraction has been proposed to improve the efficiency of phytoextraction. Phytoremediation involves(More)
Chelant-enhanced phytoextraction has received a lot of attention in the past decade. In theory, this technique could cleanse metal polluted soils by solubilizing contaminating metals, allowing them to be taken up by plants that would subsequently be removed from the site. We review the processes of metal solubilization, uptake by plants, and leaching during(More)
A pot experiment was conducted to investigate the relationship between soluble concentrations of arsenic (As) in soil and its accumulation by maize (Zea mays), English ryegrass (Lolium perenne), rape (Brassica napus) and sunflower (Helianthus annuus) on two different soils: a calcareous Regosol (silty loam) and a non-calcareous Regosol (sandy loam). Arsenic(More)
Global climate change is expected to increase annual temperatures and decrease summer precipitation in Central Europe. Little is known of how forests respond to the interaction of these climate factors and if their responses depend on soil conditions. In a 3-year lysimeter experiment, we investigated the growth response of young mixed oak stands, on either(More)
A possible remediation strategy for metal polluted soils is washing with chelants. Here, we compare the efficiency of batch and column extraction of Cu, Zn, and Pb from three soils using the biodegradable chelant EDDS. A total of 53-80% of Cu was extracted in batch and 18-26% in column extraction. For Zn, the extractability was 16-50% in batch and 20-64% in(More)
The use of chelants to enhance phytoextraction is one method being tested to make phytoextraction efficient enough to be used as a remediation technique for heavy metal pollution in the field. We performed pot experiments with sunflowers in order to investigate the use of the biodegradable chelating agent SS-EDDS for this purpose. We used singly and(More)
Root–soil interactions can strongly influence the soil solution chemistry in the rhizosphere. In the present study we propose a modification of the classical rhizobox/micro suction cup system to make it suitable for the collection and analysis of organic acids in the rhizosphere. In order to show the potential of the method, we tested the modified system(More)
Polluted soils can present a significant health risk especially in an urban environment. Most current legislation and health risk frameworks are based on pseudototal metal content. However, only a fraction of these concentrations is available for plant and human uptake. The aim of this work was to study the diffuse metal contamination in the soils of a(More)
This paper aims to investigate the degradation and speciation of EDDS-complexes (SS-ethylenediaminedisuccinic acid) in soil following soil washing. The changes in soil solution metal and EDDS concentrations were investigated for three polluted soils. EDDS was degraded after a lag phase of 7-11 days with a half-life of 4.18-5.60 days. No influence of(More)