Rainer Schreiber

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Frequent gene amplification of the receptor-activated calcium-dependent chloride channel TMEM16A (TAOS2 or ANO1) has been reported in several malignancies. However, its involvement in human tumorigenesis has not been previously studied. Here, we show a functional role for TMEM16A in tumor growth. We found TMEM16A overexpression in 80% of head and neck(More)
Stimulation of purinergic receptors inhibits amiloride-sensitive Na+ transport in epithelial tissues by an unknown mechanism. Because previous studies excluded the role of intracellular Ca2+ or protein kinase C, we examined whether purinergic regulation of Na+ absorption occurs via hydrolysis of phospholipid such as phosphatidylinositol-bisphosphates(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) airway cells, besides their well-known defect in cAMP-dependent Cl- conductance, are characterized by an enhanced Na+ conductance. In this study we have examined the Na+ conductance in human respiratory tract by measuring transepithelial voltage and resistance (Vte, Rte) and by assessing membrane voltages (Vm) of freshly isolated airway(More)
PURPOSE Voltage-gated Kv potassium channels, like ether a go-go (EAG) channels, have been recognized for their oncogenic potential in breast cancer and other malignant tumors. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We examined the molecular and functional expression of Kv channels in human colonic cancers and colon of mice treated with the chemical carcinogens(More)
Cystic fibrosis is characterized by an impaired cyclic adenosine 3,5-monophosphate (cAMP) activated Cl- conductance in parallel with an enhanced amiloride sensitive Na+ conductance (ENaC) of the respiratory epithelium. Very recently, acute downregulation of ENaC by the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) was demonstrated in several(More)
Activation of the CFTR Cl- channel inhibits epithelial Na+ channels (ENaC), according to studies on epithelial cells and overexpressing recombinant cells. Here we demonstrate that ENaC is inhibited during stimulation of the cystic fibrosis transmembrance conductance regulator (CFTR) in Xenopus oocytes, independent of the experimental set-up and the(More)
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has the potential for early metastasis and is associated with poor survival. Ano1 (Dog1) is an established and sensitive marker for the diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) and has recently been identified as a Ca(2+) activated Cl(-) channel. Although the ANO1 gene is located on the 11q13 locus, a(More)
Rotavirus infection is the most frequent cause for severe diarrhea in infants, killing more than 600,000 every year. The nonstructural protein NSP4 acts as a rotavirus enterotoxin, inducing secretory diarrhea without any structural organ damage. Electrolyte transport was assessed in the colonic epithelium from pups and adult mice using Ussing chamber(More)
TMEM16A (anoctamin 1, Ano1), a member of a family of 10 homologous proteins, has been shown to form an essential component of Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channels. TMEM16A-null mice exhibit severe defects in epithelial transport along with tracheomalacia and death within 1 mo after birth. Despite its outstanding physiological significance, the mechanisms for(More)
All vertebrate cells regulate their cell volume by activating chloride channels of unknown molecular identity, thereby activating regulatory volume decrease. We show that the Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel TMEM16A together with other TMEM16 proteins are activated by cell swelling through an autocrine mechanism that involves ATP release and binding to(More)