Rainer Schmitt

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Volvox has two cell types: mortal somatic cells and immortal germ cells. Here we describe the transposon-tagging, cloning and characterization of regA, which plays a central role as a master regulatory gene in Volvox germ-soma differentiation by suppressing reproductive activities in somatic cells. The 12.5 kb regA transcription unit generates a 6,725(More)
Die Einteilung der Kahnbeinfrakturen nach Stabilitätskriterien liefert die Basis für ein differenziertes Therapiekonzept. Wegen der besonderen Form des Kahnbeins ist eine sichere Unterscheidung zwischen stabiler und instabiler Fraktur anhand der Röntgenbilder häufig nicht immer möglich, so dass ergänzend ein CT parallel zur Längsachse des Kahnbeins(More)
The Tn3 family of transposable elements is probably the most successful group of mobile DNA elements in bacteria: there are many different but related members and they are widely distributed in gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. The Tn21 subgroup of the Tn3 family contains closely related elements that provide most of the currently known variation in(More)
Herbert's classification of scaphoid fractures provides the underlying rationale for treatment according to the fracture type. A CT bone scan in the long axis of the scaphoid is the best means of differentiating between stable and unstable fractures. This is difficult from conventional X-rays due to the particular three-dimensional anatomy of the scaphoid.(More)
Stable nuclear transformation of Volvox carteri was achieved using the cloned V. carteri nitA+ gene (which encodes nitrate reductase) to complement a nitA- mutation. Following bombardment of mutant cells with plasmid-coated gold particles, putative transformants able to utilize nitrate as a nitrogen source were recovered with an efficiency of approximately(More)
Complex flagellar filaments are unusual in their fine structure composed of flagellin dimers, in their right-handed helicity, and in their rigidity, which prevents a switch of handedness. The complex filaments of Rhizobium lupini H13-3 and those of Sinorhizobium meliloti are composed of three and four flagellin (Fla) subunits, respectively. The Fla-encoding(More)
By using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) we have isolated and sequenced two distinct families of reverse transcriptase (RT) sequences from the genome of the colonial alga, Volvox carteri. Probing a genomic library with these RT clones revealed copia-like retrotransposons. One of these elements, named Osser, is 4,875 bp long, bordered by 197-bp identical(More)
We have isolated a 1595-bp transposable element from the multicellular green alga Volvox carteri following its insertion into the nitrate reductase (nitA) locus. This element, which we have named Jordan, has short (12-bp) terminal inverted repeats and creates a 3-bp target site duplication, like some higher plant transposons of the classic type. Contained(More)
The nitrate reductase (NR) structural gene (nitA) of Volvox carteri has been cloned and characterized. There is a single copy of this gene in the genome, and RFLP (restriction-fragment length polymorphism) analysis assigns it to the previously defined nitA/chlR locus on linkage group IX, 20-30 cM from the two beta-tubulin-encoding loci. Determination of the(More)