Rainer Peter Woitas

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BACKGROUND & AIMS A homozygous 32-base pair deletion in the CCR5 gene (CCR5-Delta32) protects against human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV). However, the role of this mutation in other infections, such as hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, has not been defined. METHODS We determined the frequency of the CCR5-Delta32 mutation by polymerase chain(More)
BACKGROUND No previous randomized controlled studies have been reported examining de novo, once every 4 weeks (Q4W) administration of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We report results from a randomized multinational study that compared continuous erythropoietin receptor activator (C.E.R.A.) Q4W with darbepoetin(More)
DC-SIGNR is a C-type lectin that functions as a transreceptor for HIV-1. The exon 4 of the DC-SIGNR gene comprises a variable number of 69-bp tandem repeats, encoding for parts of the extracellular protein domain. Here, we analyzed the relevance of this gene polymorphism for the interindividual transmission of HIV-1 and the progression to AIDS. A(More)
After renal transplantation monitoring and detection of slight-to-moderate changes in GFR is a prerequisite for an optimal patient management. Recently, several equations to estimate GFR were developed and verified in the MDRD study cohort. However, little is known about the application of the MDRD formulas in the setting of renal transplantation. We(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Vasodilatation--despite activation of endogenous vasoconstrictors--is pronounced in portal hypertension. We therefore investigated the role of Urotensin II (U II), a newly described peptide reported to be a vasoconstrictor in the central arterial compartment and a vasodilator in the splanchnic vasculature. METHODS U II immunoreactivity was(More)
BACKGROUND To overcome disadvantages of serum creatinine two strategies have been suggested to identify patients with reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR). On the one hand, the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation is now recommended to classify the stage of chronic kidney disease. On the other hand, cystatin C (Cys C) has been(More)
BACKGROUND Cystatin C (Cys C) is an established new marker of renal function in patients with various renal diseases and in kidney transplantation. However, few data are available for the early post-transplantation period. METHODS Twenty-two patients who underwent renal transplantation (RTx) were evaluated for the kinetics of Cys C from day 0 to 14 in(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate calculation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is crucial in the management of patients after kidney transplantation (KTx). Recently, the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) formula was introduced to estimate GFR in chronic kidney disease patients. However, to date the diagnostic value of this equation remains to(More)
Early detection of renal dysfunction in patients after orthotopic liver transplantation is important. Creatinine-based equations to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were found to be less accurate in liver transplant recipients than in their original populations. Since cystatin C (CysC) is independent from muscle mass and hepatic biosynthesis, we(More)
OBJECTIVES Limitations of serum creatinine in patients with an impaired liver function are well known. The commonly used modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) equation has a low diagnostic performance to approximate kidney function in patients after liver transplantation (LT) and patients with liver cirrhosis (LC). The Chronic Kidney Disease(More)