Rainer Peter Woitas

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In the general population, HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) is associated with reduced cardiovascular events. However, recent experimental data suggest that the vascular effects of HDL can be heterogeneous. We examined the association of HDL-C with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in the Ludwigshafen Risk and Cardiovascular Health study comprising 3307(More)
BACKGROUND Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and effective renal plasma flow (ERPF) in healthy humans can be induced by amino acid stimulation. The rise in GFR from baseline to maximum is referred to as the renal functional reserve (RFR). Recently, we showed that the RFR is preserved in patients with compensated cirrhosis despite impaired renal function. In(More)
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common in patients with dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease and is an independent predictor of mortality. However, specific hemodynamics of the pulmonary circulation, changes induced by hemodialysis and characterization into pre- or postcapillary PH have not been evaluated in patients with chronic kidney disease. We(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS A homozygous 32-base pair deletion in the CCR5 gene (CCR5-Delta32) protects against human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV). However, the role of this mutation in other infections, such as hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, has not been defined. METHODS We determined the frequency of the CCR5-Delta32 mutation by polymerase chain(More)
After renal transplantation monitoring and detection of slight-to-moderate changes in GFR is a prerequisite for an optimal patient management. Recently, several equations to estimate GFR were developed and verified in the MDRD study cohort. However, little is known about the application of the MDRD formulas in the setting of renal transplantation. We(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Vasodilatation--despite activation of endogenous vasoconstrictors--is pronounced in portal hypertension. We therefore investigated the role of Urotensin II (U II), a newly described peptide reported to be a vasoconstrictor in the central arterial compartment and a vasodilator in the splanchnic vasculature. METHODS U II immunoreactivity was(More)
BACKGROUND No previous randomized controlled studies have been reported examining de novo, once every 4 weeks (Q4W) administration of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We report results from a randomized multinational study that compared continuous erythropoietin receptor activator (C.E.R.A.) Q4W with darbepoetin(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate calculation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is crucial in the management of patients after kidney transplantation (KTx). Recently, the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) formula was introduced to estimate GFR in chronic kidney disease patients. However, to date the diagnostic value of this equation remains to(More)
AIM Cytokine release by macrophages critically determines the type of immune response to an antigen. Therefore, we studied hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific induction of interleukins-1 beta, -10, -12 (IL-1 beta, IL-10, IL-12), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in monocytes. METHODS Intracellular cytokine expression was studied by flow cytometry(More)