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In Mesembryanthemum crystallinum, the salt stress-induced metabolic switch from C3 photosynthesis to Crassulacean acid metabolism is accompanied by major changes in gene expression. However, early effects of salt exposure (i.e. prior to Crassulacean acid metabolism induction) on genes coding for vacuolar transport functions have not yet been studied.(More)
Based on the tetracycline-regulated gene expression system, a double-transgenic mouse model for liver fibrosis was established in which the expression of transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) can be regulated deliberately by addition or removal of doxycycline hydrochloride to the drinking water. TGF-beta1 plasma levels in induced double-transgenic(More)
In the facultative halophyte Mesembryanthemum crystallinum, the salt- or age-induced transition to crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) leads to the occurrence of a tonoplast-bound 32 kDa polypeptide (Di). The alignment of its N-terminal protein sequence with protein sequences of recently cloned higher plant V-ATPase B-subunits indicates that Di may be(More)
We developed a panel of lentiviral vectors that displayed tetracycline-regulated transgene expression over two orders of magnitude in bulk, non-selected populations of transduced cells in vitro and in vivo. The robust expression and homogeneous response indicated that most transduced vector genomes were transcription competent and responsive to regulation,(More)
Adverse events relating to insertional mutagenesis have reinforced the interest in self-inactivating (SIN) gamma-retroviral and lentiviral vectors without enhancer-promoter sequences in the U3 region of the long terminal repeats. However, SIN vectors suffer from leaky transcriptional termination, increasing the probability of read-through into cellular(More)
Conditional gene expression systems have developed into essential tools for the study of gene functions. However, their utility is often limited by the difficulty of identifying clonal cell lines, in which transgene control can be realized to its full potential. Here, we describe HeLa cell lines, in which we have identified-by functional analysis-genomic(More)
The clinical application of self-inactivating (SIN) retroviral vectors has been hampered by the lack of reliable and efficient vector production technologies. To enable production of SIN gamma-retroviral vectors from stable producer clones, a new PG13-based packaging cell, known as PG368, was developed. Viral vector expression constructs can be reliably(More)
The improvement of safety and titer of retroviral vectors produced in standard retroviral packaging cell lines is hampered because production relies on uncontrollable vector integration events. The influences of chromosomal surroundings make it difficult to dissect the performance of a specific vector from the chromosomal surroundings of the respective(More)
Retroviral vectors with self-inactivating (SIN) long-terminal repeats not only increase the autonomy of the internal promoter but may also reduce the risk of insertional upregulation of neighboring alleles. However, gammaretroviral as opposed to lentiviral packaging systems produce suboptimal SIN vector titers, a major limitation for their clinical use.(More)