Rainer Hofmann

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OBJECTIVES To update the complications of transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), including management and prevention based on technological evolution. METHODS Based on a MEDLINE search from 1989 to 2005, the 2003 results of quality management of Baden-Württemberg, and long-term personal experience at three German centers, the incidence of(More)
BACKGROUND Local failure after radical prostatectomy (RP) is common in patients with cancer extending beyond the capsule. Three prospectively randomized trials demonstrated an advantage for adjuvant radiotherapy (ART) compared with a wait-and-see (WS) policy. OBJECTIVE To determine the efficiency of ART after a 10-yr follow-up in the ARO 96-02 study. (More)
PURPOSE We assessed the effect of pelvic muscle exercises (PMEs), electrical stimulation (ES) and biofeedback (BFB) on urinary incontinence after radical retropubic prostatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS We randomized 139 patients who underwent radical retropubic prostatectomy into 3 groups. Group 1 received instructions about postoperative PMEs. Group 2(More)
INTRODUCTION Renal angiomyolipoma (RAML) is a benign tumor composed of varying amounts of mature adipose tissue, smooth muscle and thick-walled blood vessels. RAML tend to grow over time requiring active intervention due to serious associated complications, such as hemorrhage and pain. Although RAML is an ideal tumor for organ preservation, data concerning(More)
Docetaxel has shown promise for the treatment of hormone-refractory prostate cancer and has become the standard of care. The flare phenomenon is a known entity in androgen-deprivation therapy of advanced prostate cancer and it has also been described in palliative chemotherapy of hormone-refractory prostate cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC) is the second most common subtype of RCC after the conventional clear cell type (cRCC). However, its characteristics and prognosis have been less intensively investigated. The aim of our study was to examine the tumour characteristics and long-term prognosis of pRCC compared to clear cell RCC (cRCC). (More)
OBJECTIVE The ARO 96-02 trial primarily compared wait-and-see (WS, arm A) with adjuvant radiation therapy (ART, arm B) in prostate cancer patients who achieved an undetectable prostate-specific antigen (PSA) after radical prostatectomy (RP). Here, we report the outcome with up to 12 years of follow-up of patients who retained a post-RP detectable PSA and(More)
Overweight/obesity is known to increase the risk of developing renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, data on the prognostic impact of overweight in RCC is still conflicting. We assessed whether different body mass index (BMI) levels at the time of surgery had an effect on the long-term prognosis of RCC patients. We evaluated 771 patients, with complete(More)
BACKGROUND Reliable blood and urine markers for transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder (TCC) do not currently exist. The aim of this prospective study was the serological and immunohistochemical evaluation of CA19.9 and CEA in TCC and to assess the correlation with different TCC stages. PATIENTS AND METHODS CA19.9 and CEA levels were prospectively(More)
Various tumor markers for transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder have been described, but none of them are used in clinical routine. Fibronectin, a glycoprotein, seems to play a very important role in both the progression and invasion of cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate cellular fibronectin (cFN) in the urine and blood of patients(More)