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The determination of selected short-, medium- and long-chain acylcarnitines by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) is discussed. The differences in fragmentation behaviour and ionization efficiency are described in dependence on collision induced dissociation (CID) conditions and mixture composition. A new method combination, solid-phase(More)
Model compound studies which were previously done for impurities and environmental residues of chlorophenols and for wastes of chlorination processes were extended to the impurities and pyrolysis products of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Model compounds were commercial products or synthesized and their structures proven by spectroscopic methods. These(More)
The prenatal toxic effects of contaminated vacuum pump oil (Sample A) and solid waste products (Samples B and C) originating from aluminum plasma etching processes in semiconductor manufacturing were investigated. Three strains of pregnant mice with different degrees of sensitivity during organogenesis (days 6-15 of gestation) were treated daily with 1000(More)
In order to develop a liquid chromatography/electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS/MS) method for identification and quantification of polar metabolites of explosives using a triple quadrupole system, the mass spectrometric ionisation and fragmentation behaviour of different nitrophenols, nitro- and aminonitrobenzoic acids,(More)
In dry etching processes--one of the sources of potential exposure to toxic wastes in the semiconductor industry--complex mixtures of inorganic and organic compounds arise from reactions between feed stock gases (BCl3/Cl2), top layers (aluminium photoresist), and the carrier gas (N2). Two different fractions of the complex mixture--one an ethanolic solution(More)
We evaluated 36 characteristic waste products from the plasma etching of aluminum for genotoxicity with the SOS chromotest. The majority of the samples showed genotoxic activity in tester strain Escherichia coli PQ37 without metabolic activation using S9 mix. In the presence of S9, a deactivation of the samples was regularly observed. Comparable studies(More)
The most widely studied model of plasmacytomagenesis is the induction of plasmacytomas by intraperitoneal injections of pure alkanes such as pristane (2.6.10.14-tetramethylpentadecane). The presence of small amounts of genotoxic contaminants, that could contribute to the complex oncogenic process, in commercial pristane preparations has not been completely(More)
The most extensively studied model of plasmacytomagenesis is the induction of plasmacytomas in BALB/c mice by i.p. injections of mineral oil or, chemically more defined, by several branched alkanes such as pristane (2.6.10.14-tetramethylpentadecane), phytane (2.6.10.14-tetramethylhexadecane), and 7-n-hexyloctadecane. The available evidence suggests that the(More)
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