Rainer Bollmann

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OBJECTIVES The ratio of the lung area (on the contralateral side of the hernia) to the head circumference, the lung-to-head ratio (LHR), has been proposed as a reliable tool in the assessment of the prognosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). An LHR < 0.6 has been associated with poor outcome whereas one > 1.4 has been associated with survival. We(More)
OBJECTIVE The right subclavian artery arises normally as the first vessel from the brachiocephalic artery of the aortic arch. An aberrant right subclavian artery arises as a separate vessel from the aortic isthmus and crosses to the right, behind the trachea. This variant is present in <1% of the normal population; however, in subjects with Down syndrome,(More)
We report the ultrasound, cytogenetic and morphologic findings in a case of trisomy 10 mosaicism prenatally detected by chorionic villus sampling (CVS). CVS sampling was carried out at the 13th week of gestation because of ultrasound diagnosis of hydrops fetalis and hygroma colli. Trisomy 10 mosaicism was diagnosed in cells from the cytotrophoblast(More)
Cu/Zn Superoxide dismutase (SOD) was quantified by enzyme immunoassay for prenatal diagnosis of Down's syndrome. Overall, 154 samples of amniotic fluid, 72 samples of amniotic cells and 31 samples of chorionic tissue were investigated. Due to the large biological variance of the SOD concentrations in normal pregnancies (range for amniotic fluid 10.5–154.9,(More)
INTRODUCTION Vascular imaging by means of colour Doppler sonography is an established method in prenatal diagnostics, especially in fetal echocardiography. In recent years, new techniques for the imaging of vessels have been developed, attaining B-scan quality. One example of such techniques is the Advanced Dynamic Flow. The goal of the study was the(More)
The objective of this study was to describe the normal blood flow velocity waveforms in the main branches of the right and left pulmonary arteries in the human fetus and to establish reference ranges for different Doppler parameters during the second half of pregnancy. Cross-sectional data were collected from 86 healthy human singleton fetuses between 18(More)
Vessel malformations, which are very rare, can be diagnosed prenatally using color Doppler sonography. We present a case of a fetus which, at first prenatal presentation at 27 weeks, was diagnosed as having an intrapulmonary arteriovenous malformation. On the basis of the gray-scale sonographic findings of cardiomegaly and dilatation of the right pulmonary(More)
The echocardiographic findings and clinical courses in 19 fetuses with marked cardiomegaly [heart length, width, area, cardiothoracic ratio, heart/thoracic area (CTA) ratio > 2 SD] were reviewed. An abnormal heart was the reason for referral in 16 cases of 19 (84.2%). The mean gestational age was 31.5 weeks at detection. Intracardiac hemodynamics were(More)
The findings of prenatal ultrasound diagnosis were compared with the autopsy findings in 183 fetuses (between the 14th and 24th week of gestation), aborted for fetal malformations in the period from 1995 to 1997. In these 183 cases, the primary diagnosis showed 50 central nervous system anomalies, 48 cardiovascular system anomalies, 42 genitourinary system(More)
The purpose of the present study was to obtain normative data for the fetal upper respiratory tract by using high-resolution ultrasound techniques. Furthermore, we wanted to test the potential utility of the resulting normograms in diagnosing obstructive lesions of the trachea and oesophagus. Sonographic measurements of the diameters of the trachea, larynx(More)