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The binding of 125I-von Willebrand factor (125I-vWF) to platelets stimulated by thrombin, ADP, and a combination of ADP + epinephrine (EPI) is specific, saturable, and reversible. Active platelet metabolism and divalent cations are required for binding induced by these stimuli, but not by ristocetin, suggesting the existence of different mechanisms involved(More)
Carbon fiber-reinforced plastics have been used clinically as an implant material for different applications for over 20 years.A review of technical basics of the composite materials (carbon fibers and matrix systems), fields of application,advantages (e.g., postoperative visualization without distortion in computed and magnetic resonance tomography), and(More)
Mitogenesis, cellular aggregation, and motility follow upon the interaction of fibrinogen with certain defined cell surface receptors. In addition to circulating platelets and vascular endothelium, monocytes express what appears to be a receptor for fibrinogen. Evidence is presented here that the leukocyte adhesion receptor Mac-1 can be specifically induced(More)
Dislocation remains a serious complication of total hip replacement. An insufficient range of motion can lead to impingement of the prosthetic neck on the acetabular cup. Together with the initiation of subluxation and dislocation, recurrent impingement can cause material failure in the liner. The objective of this study was to generate a validated finite(More)
Tripolar systems have been implanted to reduce the risk of recurrent dislocation. However, there is little known about the dynamic behavior of tripolar hip endoprostheses under daily life conditions and achieved joint stability. Hence, the objective of this biomechanical study was to examine the in vivo dynamics and dislocation behavior of two types of(More)
Aseptic loosening in total hip replacement is mainly caused by wear particles inducing inflammation and osteolysis. Wear can be a consequence of micromotions at the interface between implant and bone cement. Due to complex cellular interactions, different mediators (e.g. cytokines, proteinases) are released, which can promote osteolytic processes in the(More)
We present a case involving the revision of a total knee arthroplasty with a metal femoral component using a ceramic implant due to metal hypersensitivity. A 58-year-old female patient underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with a standard metal bicondylar knee system. She suffered from persistent pain and strong limitations in her range of motion (ROM)(More)
Platelet activation altered the binding of three monoclonal antibodies (monovalent Fab' fragment) directed against the glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa complex. An increased binding of two- to threefold occurred after stimulation with thrombin or phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), with slight but significant increase in the dissociation constants (Kd) of two(More)
The annual number of total knee replacement implantations is rising continuously. A progressive cutaneous hypersensitivity rate against metallic materials in the population has been registered which can lead to an increase of allergy-induced reactions associated with implant loosening in the future although the correlation with an allergic cutaneous(More)
Possible causes for failure of total knee endoprostheses represent wear, malpositioning, maldimensioning and inadequate design of the implant components, manufacturing defects, material fatigue, corrosion, overloading, infection, and allergy against implant materials. There is a broad spectrum of methodical approaches for the analysis of failure cases.(More)