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— We present two compact CMOS integrated circuits for computing the two-dimensional (2-D) local direction of motion of an image focused directly onto the chip. These circuits incorporate onboard photoreceptors and focal plane motion processing. With fully functional 14 2 2 2 13 and 12 2 2 2 13 implementations consuming less than 50 W per pixel, we conclude… (More)

Optical ow elds are a primary source of information about the visual scene in technical and biological systems. In a step towards a system for real time scene analysis we h a v e developed two new algorithms for the parallel computation of the direction of motion eld in 2-D. We have successfully implemented these algorithms in analog VLSI hardware such that… (More)

- Rainer A. Deutschmann, Christof Koch, Walter Schottky
- 1998

In this work we present the rst working focal plane analog VLSI sensor for the spatially resolved computation of the 2-D motion eld based on temporal and spatial derivatives. Using an adaptive CMOS photoreceptor the temporal derivative and a function of the spatial derivative of the local light intensity are computed. By multiplying these values separately… (More)

| We present two compact CMOS integrated circuits for computing the 2D local direction of motion of an image focused directly onto the chip. These circuits incorporate onboard photoreceptors and focal plane motion processing. With fully functional 14 13 and 12 13 implementations consuming less than 50 W per pixel, we conclude that practical pixel… (More)

There exist important problems that require the measurement of very fast motion. Common techniques for motion estimation based on sequences of video images usually fail to deliver the correct results for such problems due to the low video rate. We present an analog VLSI based system that determines the motion in real-time. We demonstrate the performance of… (More)

We i n troduce several diierent focal plane analog VLSI motion sensors developed in the past. We s h o w h o w their pixel-parallel architecture can be used to extract low-dimensional information from a higher dimensional data set. As an example we present an algorithm and corresponding experiments to compute the focus of expansion, focus of contraction and… (More)

Semiconductors are ubiquitous in device electronics, because their charge distributions can be conveniently manipulated with voltages to perform logic operations. Achieving a similar level of control over the spin degrees of freedom, either from electrons or nuclei, could provide intriguing prospects for both information processing and the study of… (More)

We introduce several diierent focal plane analog VLSI motion sensors developed in the past. We show how their pixel-parallel architecture can be used to extract low-dimensional information from a higher dimensional data set. As an example we present an algorithm and corresponding experiments to compute the focus of expansion, focus of contraction and the… (More)

An analog VLSI (aVLSI) sensor with on-board focal plane smart sensor pixels for the analysis of visual motion is used for estimating ego-motion. The sensor has remarkable properties: the on-chip information processing is performed in parallel and in real time, the sensor is small, inexpensive and consumes very little power, incorporating mechanisms similar… (More)

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