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BACKGROUND Complex seasonal variations in abortions and seasonal trends have been reported worldwide, but there are no data from Australia. MATERIAL/METHODS Hospital morbidity and birth data were modelled using time series and regression techniques to describe seasonal changes in births and abortions (1989-99) in NSW, Australia. Data were also analysed to(More)
AIM To analyse the epidemiology of coded rotavirus hospitalisations in Australia from 1993 to 2002, with a view to understanding the pre-vaccination burden of severe disease in Australia. This study also seeks to determine the burden of rotavirus-related mortality. METHODS Hospitalisation data from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare for the(More)
Frail older people have been systematically excluded from randomised controlled trials (RCT). We aim to recruit older, frail hospitalised patients in an RCT and evaluate the frailty index (FI) as a measure to describe the types of people included in the study. We recruited 315 hospitalised patients aged 65 years; age ranged from 60 to 102 years. Baseline(More)
mHealth (healthcare using mobile communication technologies) is being strengthened as a new tool to tackle the global crisis in inadequate workforce and patient monitoring, especially in resource-limited settings. High numbers of people living with TB/HIV fail treatment and develop resistance because they cannot maintain a high degree of adherence to their(More)
temperate countries, death rates increase in winter, but infl uenza epidemics often cause greater increases. The death rate time series that occurs without epidemic infl u-enza can be called a seasonal baseline. Differentiating observed death rates from the seasonally oscillating baseline provides estimated infl uenza-associated death rates. During(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, behavioral, and skill responses toward influenza in the general population of Beijing after pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009. METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted in Beijing, China, in January 2011. A survey was conducted in which information was collected using a standardized(More)
INTRODUCTION Corticosteroids are used empirically in influenza A (H1N1) treatment despite lack of clear evidence for effective treatment. This study aims to assess the efficacy of corticosteroids treatment for H1N1 infection. METHODS Systematic review and meta-analysis were used to estimate the efficacy of corticosteroids for the prevention of mortality(More)