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There are several methods by which the structure of a cell may be studied. The electron microscope makes it possible to visualize details of the ultra-structure, and to resolve these details with a resolution of 10 ~. Membranes may also be characterized in terms of the molecules which diffuse across them, leading to a resolution which may be an order of(More)
The receptor-site for the sea anemone toxin II from Anemonia sulcata (ATX) and its functional relationship with the Na+ channel were studied in plasma membrane preparations from lobster walking leg nerves. The modification of the 22Na influx by ATX was determined in membrane vesicles and in proteoliposomes prepared by reconstitution of detergent-extracted,(More)
Glypican-1 is an extracellular matrix component found by microsequencing in a medium conditioned by cultured rat-sciatic nerves (CM). This CM was concentrated by ultrafiltration and fractionated by quaternary ammonium chromatography, followed by Hi-Trap blue affinity chromatography to obtain the active fraction B1.2. Previously, we have reported a 54 kDa(More)
The present work deals with the finding and characterization of a neurotrophic factor present in serum-free Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium in which rat sciatic nerves previously cultured for 9 days were maintained for 24 h. This sciatic nerve conditioned medium (SNCM) produced neuronal differentiation and neurite outgrowth on PC12 cells, as well as(More)
Neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) is an active component found in sciatic nerve conditioned medium (CM). NRG-1 is a growth and differentiation factor shown to have an effect on neuritogenesis and survival of neural cells. PC12 cells chronically treated with NRG-1 (beta1 isoform) show an increase in proliferation under low-serum condition (2.5% fetal bovine serum and(More)
The present work deals with the search and identification of the molecule or combination of molecules, present in a medium conditioned by cultured rat-sciatic nerves (CM), able to cause neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells. The molecular mass range of the active fraction, as well as the thermostability and heparin affinity of the active component found in(More)
In previous works we reported the finding of neurotrophic activity in a serum-free Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium conditioned by rat sciatic nerves, previously maintained in culture for 11 days. This medium produces rapid neuron-like differentiation of cultured PC12 cells, as revealed by an increase in the size of the cell body and by the extension of(More)
The squid nerve barriers are formed by (a) the axolemma (membrane of the axon proper), a membrane 80 A thick perforated by cylindrical pores 4.0 to 4.5 A radius, and (b) the Schwann layer, constituted of numerous cells forming a layer one cell thick, crossed by 60 A wide slit channels. If a molecule present in the axoplasm has to reach the extraneural(More)