Raimundo Villegas

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The receptor-site for the sea anemone toxin II from Anemonia sulcata (ATX) and its functional relationship with the Na+ channel were studied in plasma membrane preparations from lobster walking leg nerves. The modification of the 22Na influx by ATX was determined in membrane vesicles and in proteoliposomes prepared by reconstitution of detergent-extracted,(More)
Glypican-1 is an extracellular matrix component found by microsequencing in a medium conditioned by cultured rat-sciatic nerves (CM). This CM was concentrated by ultrafiltration and fractionated by quaternary ammonium chromatography, followed by Hi-Trap blue affinity chromatography to obtain the active fraction B1.2. Previously, we have reported a 54 kDa(More)
The present work deals with the finding and characterization of a neurotrophic factor present in serum-free Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium in which rat sciatic nerves previously cultured for 9 days were maintained for 24 h. This sciatic nerve conditioned medium (SNCM) produced neuronal differentiation and neurite outgrowth on PC12 cells, as well as(More)
In previous works we reported the finding of neurotrophic activity in a serum-free Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium conditioned by rat sciatic nerves, previously maintained in culture for 11 days. This medium produces rapid neuron-like differentiation of cultured PC12 cells, as revealed by an increase in the size of the cell body and by the extension of(More)
The actions of grayanotoxin I, veratrine, and tetrodotoxin on the membrane potential of the Schwann cell were studied in the giant nerve fiber of the squid Sepioteuthis sepioidea. Schwann cells of intact nerve fibers and Schwann cells attached to axons cut lengthwise over several millimeters were utilized. The axon membrane potential in the intact nerve(More)
The present work deals with the search and identification of the molecule or combination of molecules, present in a medium conditioned by cultured rat-sciatic nerves (CM), able to cause neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells. The molecular mass range of the active fraction, as well as the thermostability and heparin affinity of the active component found in(More)
Neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) is an active component found in sciatic nerve conditioned medium (CM). NRG-1 is a growth and differentiation factor shown to have an effect on neuritogenesis and survival of neural cells. PC12 cells chronically treated with NRG-1 (beta1 isoform) show an increase in proliferation under low-serum condition (2.5% fetal bovine serum and(More)
This work characterizes the development of the saxitoxin (STX)-sensitive Na+ channels from rat whole forebrain between embryonic day 15 (E15) and postnatal day 90 (P90), both with binding studies and with single channel studies. The Na+ channel total mRNA and the individual mRNAs encoding Na+ channels I, II and III were also determined. The total STX(More)
Alkaloid-modified, voltage-dependent sodium channels from lobster walking leg nerves were studied in planar neutral lipid bilayers. In symmetrical 0.5 M NaCl the single channel conductance of veratridine (VTD) (10 pS) was less than that of batrachotoxin (BTX) (16 pS) modified channels. At positive potentials, VTD- but not BTX-modified channels remained open(More)