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Recent studies have demonstrated cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) overexpression in various human malignancies, especially in breast cancer, where COX-2 turned out to be a predictor of poor survival. To evaluate the relation of COX-2 and Ep-CAM overexpression and its prognostic significance, we performed a retrospective study on 212 breast cancer patients with a(More)
Beyond their fundamental role in energy metabolism, mitochondria perform a great variety of other important cellular functions. However, the interplay among these various roles of mitochondria is still poorly understood, and the underlying mechanisms can be related to system level properties. Importantly, mitochondria localized in different regions of a(More)
BACKGROUND In previous work, the four-amino analogue of tetrahydrobiopterin, a novel, selective inhibitor of inducible nitric oxide synthase, has been shown to prolong survival of murine cardiac allografts. METHODS To further elucidate the underlying molecular immunosuppressive mechanism, we compared the effect of four-amino tetrahydrobiopterin with that(More)
PURPOSE The pathologic interactions between tumor and host immune cells within the tumor microenvironment create an immunosuppressive network that promotes tumor growth and protects the tumor from immune attack. In this study, we examined the contribution of the immunomodulatory enzyme indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) on this phenomenon. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
Recent advances in mitochondrial imaging have revealed that in many cells mitochondria can be highly dynamic. They can undergo fission/fusion processes modulated by various mitochondria-associated proteins and also by conformational transitions in the inner mitochondrial membrane. Moreover, precise mitochondrial distribution can be achieved by their(More)
DNA methylation is a common molecular alteration in colorectal cancer cells. We report an assessment of faecal DNA from patients with colorectal cancer and controls to determine the feasibility, sensitivity, and specificity of this approach. By use of MethyLight analysis of faecal DNA from three independent sets of patients, we identified SFRP2 methylation(More)
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most devastating human malignancies. Despite considerable research efforts, it remains resistant to almost all available treatment regimens. The human trophoblast cell-surface antigen, TROP2, was found to be strongly expressed in a variety of human epithelial cancers, correlating with aggressiveness and poor prognosis. TROP2(More)
BACKGROUND Inconsistent findings have been reported on the occurrence and relevance of creatine kinase (CK) isoenzymes in mammalian liver cells. Part of this confusion might be due to induction of CK expression during metabolic and energetic stress. METHODS The specific activities and isoenzyme patterns of CK and adenylate kinase (AdK) were analysed in(More)
Recent investigations indicate that the initial event in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis involves an (auto)immunologic injury to the vessel wall. Heat shock proteins (hsps), which are expressed on the endothelial cell surface, constitute possible autoantigens. After being exposed to shear stress of 30 dyne/cm(2) in vitro by means of a rotational(More)