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Analysis of mitochondrial function is central to the study of intracellular energy metabolism, mechanisms of cell death and pathophysiology of a variety of human diseases, including myopathies, neurodegenerative diseases and cancer. However, important properties of mitochondria differ in vivo and in vitro. Here, we describe a protocol for the analysis of(More)
Control and regulation of mitochondrial and cellular respiration by oxygen is discussed with three aims: (1) A review of intracellular oxygen levels and gradients, particularly in heart, emphasizes the dominance of extracellular oxygen gradients. Intracellular oxygen pressure, pO2, is low, typically one to two orders of magnitude below incubation conditions(More)
BACKGROUND Immunosuppressive regimens with the fewest possible toxic effects are desirable for transplant recipients. This study evaluated the efficacy and relative toxic effects of four immunosuppressive regimens. METHODS We randomly assigned 1645 renal-transplant recipients to receive standard-dose cyclosporine, mycophenolate mofetil, and(More)
Patients with small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can be cured by liver transplantation (LT). However, many patients drop out during the waiting time as a result of tumor progression. We prospectively investigated the effect of transarterial chemoembolization on long-term survival of 116 patients with HCC listed for LT. Intention-to-treat analysis revealed(More)
BACKGROUND Since May 2002, all groups performing hand transplantations have supplied information to the International Registry on Hand and Composite Tissue Transplantation (IRHCCT). The analysis of all cases with follow-up information up to September 2007 is presented here. METHODS From September 1998 to September 2007, 38 hands (18 unilateral and 10(More)
Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) has been considered the best treatment option for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Because of a steadily increasing waiting time, a noteworthy proportion of patients are excluded from OLT because of tumor progression. A 20% and more dropout rate from the waiting list has recently been reported. In this(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) overexpression in various human malignancies, especially in breast cancer, where COX-2 turned out to be a predictor of poor survival. To evaluate the relation of COX-2 and Ep-CAM overexpression and its prognostic significance, we performed a retrospective study on 212 breast cancer patients with a(More)
We have recently shown that the natural bile pigment bilirubin has antiproliferative effects on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Bilirubin is the end product of heme catabolism mediated by heme oxygenases and has for decades been considered a toxic waste product of our bodies. However, 14 separate studies and a meta-analysis have documented an inverse(More)
The oxygen affinity of the enzyme system involved in mitochondrial respiration indicates, in relation to intracellular oxygen levels and interpreted with the aid of flux control analysis, a significant role of oxygen supply in limiting maximum exercise. This implies that the flux control coefficient of mitochondria is not excessively high, based on a(More)