Raimund Kraschl

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A case of multiple life-threatening postoperative apnoeas in a term neonate undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy and orchidopexy who received light inhalation anaesthesia combined with caudal block with 1 ml.kg-1 ropivacaine 0.2% plus 2 microg.kg-1 clonidine is reported. The patient showed no apparent risk factors for postanaesthetic apnoea.(More)
Severe limb ischemia after arterial catheterization in neonates and premature infants is a well-recognized problem. The usual treatment of ischemic injuries includes removal of the catheter and elevation of the effected limb. If unsuccessful, tissue necrosis and loss may follow. We report the case of a 700 g infant with severe distal forearm ischemia after(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the mortality and morbidity for extremely preterm infants with a gestational age from 22 to 26 weeks. All infants were born in Austria during the years 1999-2001. METHODS Data were collected from 16 neonatal intensive care units in Austria. Main outcome criteria were mortality, the rates of(More)
PURPOSE This study investigates the impact of the length of the examination, the insertion of eyelid specula, and the indentation of the globe on the pain and stress sensation of premature infants. METHODS Ninety-two premature infants in three neonatal wards were included. In two wards, the patients were examined using eyelid specula and scleral(More)
We report a case of near drowning of a 3-year-old girl, who was admitted to our emergency room with a core temperature of 18.4 degrees C. After rewarming on cardiopulmonary bypass and restitution of her circulation, respiratory failure resistant to conventional respiratory therapy prohibited weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass. Therefore, we instituted(More)
BACKGROUND Keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome (KID syndrome) is an extremely rare disorder. Inheritance is autosomal dominant but many cases occur sporadically following a spontaneous mutation. The cause of KID syndrome are missense mutations of the gene GJB2, encoding connexin 26. PATIENTS AND METHODS We clinically studied two cases of KID syndrome(More)
Objective Surfactant protein B (SP-B) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that is usually rapidly fatal. The c.397delCinsGAA mutation (121ins2) in exon 4 is found in more than two-thirds of patients. Design We report on a fatal case of SP-B deficiency caused by a homozygous C248X mutation in exon 7 of the SP-B gene. In addition, we provide an(More)
Fetal magnetic resonance imaging is increasingly being used as an adjunct to ultrasound. It allows for better visualization of in utero brain development and intracranial abnormalities (especially cerebral malformations). Hypothalamic hamartoma is a nonneoplastic malformation resembling normal hypothalamic tissue both histologically and on magnetic(More)
We describe additional phenotypic features in a boy and his mother. Both manifested the phenotypic/genotypic correlation of oto-palato-digital syndrome type II. The mother's radiographs showed wormian bones of the skull, and paranasal bossing, her feet showed bilateral fusion of the cuboid with the lateral cuneiform bone with subsequent development of(More)
The case of a 680 g premature baby who developed massive spontaneous liver haemorrhage during laparotomy for necrotizing enterocolitis is reported. The infant survived due to rapid and massive fluid administration, including transfusion of large volumes of blood and blood products, in combination with high dose inotropic support and the surgical use of(More)