Raimund Hibst

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Up to now lasers have not achieved any practical importance in dentistry for drilling teeth because of considerable damage to the surrounding tissue. We studied the application of pulsed 2.94 microns Er:YAG laser radiation in vitro on extracted teeth to remove enamel, dentin, and carious lesions. The depth and diameter of laser-drilled holes were measured(More)
Many studies have been undertaken trying to use various laser systems as optical drills on dental enamel and dentin, but the high radiant exposure needed and subsequent high temperature rises lead to fractures of the hard substances and possible damages to the pulp. Compared to the other laser systems, the use of the Er:Yag laser has given encouraging(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Various lasers have been suggested for cavity preparation. Pain reduction is expected as a potential benefit of laser usage. Among the systems studied in vitro, the Er:YAG laser offers a distinct combination of high ablation efficiency and low thermal side effects. Animal studies demonstrated that pulp damage can be avoided when(More)
In this study we investigate light penetration into skin in order to define the optimal wavelength for the treatment of port wine stains. A two-layer model (epidermis and dermis) is applied with a cylindric tube representing the ectatic blood vessel. Light propagation is calculated by the Monte Carlo method. Values for the optical properties of the skin(More)
The absorption and transport scattering coefficients of biological tissues determine the radial dependence of the diffuse reflectance that is due to a point source. A system is described for making remote measurements of spatially resolved absolute diffuse reflectance and hence noninvasive, noncontact estimates of the tissue optical properties. The system(More)
OBJECTIVES In previous studies it has been demonstrated that the Er:YAG laser can be used to prepare cavities efficiently and without thermal damage to the adjacent dental hard and soft tissues. To investigate the patients' response to Er:YAG laser preparation of teeth, a prospective clinical study was performed in five dental hospitals. METHODS To(More)
Laser-induced time-resolved autofluorescence from carious lesions of human teeth was studied by means of ultrashort pulsed laser systems, time-correlated single photon counting and time-gated imaging. Carious regions exhibited a slower fluorescence decay with a main 17 ns fluorescence lifetime than healthy hard dental tissue. The long-lived fluorophore(More)
For a description of light propagation in biological tissue it is usually assumed that tissue is a random medium. We report a pronounced light guiding effect in cubes of human dentin that cannot be described by this standard model. Monte Carlo simulations which consider the microstructure of dentin are performed and successfully compared to experiments.(More)
OBJECTIVES Since the low friction of NiTi wires allows a rapid and efficient orthodontic tooth movement, the aim of this research was to investigate the friction and surface roughness of different commercially available superelastic NiTi wires before and after clinical use. The surface of all of the wires had been pre-treated by the manufacturer. (More)
We studied spectral autofluorescence characteristics of dental caries. A wide range of carious lesions revealed characteristic emission of endogenous fluorophores with strong fluorescence bands in the red spectral region when excited with 407 nm line radiation of a krypton ion laser. Healthy hard dental tissue exhibited no emission bands in the red. The(More)