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Many bioelectric signals result from the electrical response of physiological systems to an impulse that can be internal (ECG signals) or external (evoked potentials). In this paper an adaptive impulse correlated filter (AICF) for event-related signals that are time-locked to a stimulus is presented. This filter estimates the deterministic component of the(More)
The objective of the present work was to detect and analyze wheezes by means of a highly sensitive time-frequency algorithm. Automatic measurements were compared with clinical auscultation for forced exhalation segments from 1.2 to 0 liters/second (l/s). Sensitivities between 100% and 71%, as a function of flow level related to wheezing segments detection,(More)
One of the most frequent reasons for instituting mechanical ventilation is to decrease patient's work of breathing. Many attempts have been made to increase the effectiveness of the evaluation of the respiratory pattern with the analysis of the respiratory signals. This work proposes a method for the study of the differences in respiratory pattern(More)
This study analyses the location of patterns of brain activity in the signal space while a human subject is trained to operate a brain-computer interface. This evaluation plays an important role in the understanding of the underlying system, and it gives valuable information about the translation algorithms. The relative position and morphology of the(More)
The study of the amplitude of respiratory muscle mechanomyographic (MMG) signals could be useful in clinical practice as an alternative non-invasive technique to assess respiratory muscle strength. The MMG signal is stochastic in nature, and its amplitude is usually estimated by means of the average rectified value (ARV) or the root mean square (RMS) of the(More)
A new method for the quantification of amplitude variations in biomedical signals through moving approximate entropy is presented. Unlike the usual method to calculate the approximate entropy (ApEn), in which the tolerance value (r) varies based on the standard deviation of each moving window, in this work ApEn has been computed using a fixed value of r. We(More)
This study proposes a method for the characterization of respiratory patterns in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients with periodic breathing (PB) and nonperiodic breathing (nPB), using the flow signal. Autoregressive modeling of the envelope of the respiratory flow signal is the starting point for the pattern characterization. Spectral parameters extracted(More)
Estimation of time-varying changes in evoked potentials (EP's) has important applications, such as monitoring high-risk neurosurgical procedures. We test the hypothesis that injury related changes in EP signals may be modeled by orthonormal basis functions. We evaluate two models of time-varying EP signals: the Fourier series model (FSM) and the Walsh(More)
Sleep apnea–hypopnea syndrome (SAHS) is a serious sleep disorder, and snoring is one of its earliest and most consistent symptoms. We propose a new methodology for identifying two distinct types of snores: the so-called non-regular and regular snores. Respiratory sound signals from 34 subjects with different ranges of Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI = 3.7–109.9(More)