Raimo Tuuminen

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BACKGROUND In chronic rejection, parenchymal fibrosis and cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) characterized by neointimal growth are the leading causes of graft loss for heart transplant recipients. During alloimmune responses a variety of cytokines, adhesion proteins, and growth factors, such as platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), are up-regulated. The(More)
BACKGROUND Lymphatic network and chemokine-mediated signals are essential for leukocyte traffic during the proximal steps of alloimmune response. We aimed to determine the role of lymphatic vessels and their principal growth signaling pathway, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C/D/VEGFR-3, during acute and chronic rejection in cardiac allografts. (More)
The major cause of death during the first year after heart transplantation is primary graft dysfunction due to preservation and ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). Angiopoietin-1 is a Tie2 receptor-binding paracrine growth factor with anti-inflammatory properties and indispensable roles in vascular development and stability. We used a stable variant of(More)
Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) after kidney transplantation may result in delayed graft function. We used rat renal artery clamping and transplantation models to investigate cholesterol-independent effects of clinically relevant single-dose peroral simvastatin treatment 2 h before renal ischemia on microvascular injury. The expression of HMG-CoA(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia/reperfusion injury may have deleterious short- and long-term consequences for cardiac allografts. The underlying mechanisms involve microvascular dysfunction that may culminate in primary graft failure or untreatable chronic rejection. METHODS AND RESULTS Here, we report that rat cardiac allograft ischemia/reperfusion injury resulted(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) and allograft dysfunction remain as two of the major clinical challenges after heart transplantation. Here, we investigated the effect of donor treatment with simvastatin and methylprednisolone on microvascular dysfunction and immunomodulation during IRI in rat cardiac allografts subjected to prolonged ischemia(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the intravitreal levels of potent vasoactive, angiogenic and extracellular matrix remodelling factors in the diabetic patients with simvastatin treatment. METHODS This is an institutional, prospective, observational case-control study. Type-1 and type-2 diabetic patients on lipophilic simvastatin (N = 14) compared with patients(More)
BACKGROUND Preservation injury decreases patient survival and promotes the development of cardiac allograft vasculopathy. We investigated the sequential effects of hypothermic preservation on ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), subsequent innate immune activation, and adaptive immune response in rat cardiac allografts. METHODS Allografts were transplanted(More)
Transplant ischemia-reperfusion injury (Tx-IRI) and allograft dysfunction remain as two of the major clinical challenges after heart transplantation. We investigated the role of angiopoietin-2 (Ang2) in Tx-IRI and rejection using fully MHC-mismatched rat cardiac allografts. We report that plasma levels of Ang2 were significantly enhanced in the human and(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic rejection is the main reason for the poor long-term survival of heart transplant recipients and is characterized by cardiac allograft inflammation, fibrosis, and arteriosclerosis. We examined the specific roles of different platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) ligands (A-D)--potent mesenchymal cell mitogens--in rat cardiac allografts. (More)