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OBJECTIVE To verify the association of nutritional status with sociodemographic factors, lifestyle, and health status in elderly individuals from two cities in different regions of Brazil. METHODS Cross-sectional epidemiological home-based study, involving 477 and 316 elderly individuals (≥ 60 years) from the towns of Antônio Carlos (AC-SC) and Lafaiete(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Brazilian schoolchildren according to gender, age and geographic region. A descriptive association study was conducted on 36,976 schoolchildren (20,914 boys and 16,062 girls aged 10 to 15 years) between 2004 and 2005 using secondary data originating from a(More)
OBJECTIVE We present selected anthropometric data, specific for sex and age group, from a representative sample of elderly subjects living in Havana, Cuba. METHODS This was a cross-sectional, population-based household survey. A total of 1905 subjects (1197 women and 708 men, > or = 60 y of age) were examined between 1999 and 2000 as selected by(More)
INTRODUCTION Our objective was to determine whether dental esthetics have any influence on finding a new job. METHODS Ten patients with orthodontic treatment needs for various types of malocclusions were selected. Smiling facial photographs of all patients were obtained and digitally altered (orthodontic correction of teeth). After the images were(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this research was to evaluate esthetic perceptions of the smile, especially regarding black spaces between the maxillary central incisors, by laypersons in 3 age groups. METHODS Photographs were digitally manipulated to simulate black spaces in the region of the maxillary central incisor crenations. The images were printed on(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the degree of perception of laypersons, dental professionals, and students with regard to the esthetics of the smile in cases of mandibular incisor extractions with the presence of black spaces between them. MATERIALS AND METHODS Changes were made to a front-view intraoral photograph of occlusion treated by means of a mandibular(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the degree of perception of laypersons, professionals, and dental students, regarding the aesthetic appearance of the smile in cases of gingival plastic surgery of the maxilla for correction of a gingival smile, by examining alterations in photographs. MATERIALS/METHODS Alterations were made to an extraoral front-view-photograph of a(More)
OBJECTIVE to identify the prevalence of the factors associated with pre-frailty and frailty of elderly residents in a municipality with a low Human Development Index METHOD Cross-sectional study with a populational and household framework conducted with 316 elderly people. Frailty was determined from the presence of three or more of the following factors:(More)
INTRODUCTION The aims of this study were to evaluate how head orientation interferes with the amounts of directional change in 3-dimensional (3D) space and to propose a method to obtain a common coordinate system using 3D surface models. METHODS Three-dimensional volumetric label maps were built for pretreatment (T1) and posttreatment (T2) from cone-beam(More)
BACKGROUND There is a growing incidence of depression in the elderly, and this impairment interferes directly in the reduction of motor skills. OBJECTIVE This study aims to examine the association between depressive symptoms and motor performance in community-dwelling elderly. METHOD This is a cross-sectional study that analyzed data from 316 elders of(More)