Raiker Witter

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The integral membrane protein M2 of influenza A virus assembles as a tetrameric bundle to form a proton-conducting channel that is activated by low pH. The side chain of His37 in the transmembrane alpha-helix is known to play an important role in the pH activation of the proton channel. It has also been suggested that Trp41, which is located in an adjacent(More)
Sample heating induced by radio frequency (RF) irradiation presents a significant challenge to solid state NMR experiments in proteins and other biological systems, causing the sample to dehydrate which may result in distorted spectra and a damaged sample. In this work we describe a large volume, low-E (19)F-(1)H solid state NMR probe, which we developed(More)
A meta-analysis was conducted of the health/subjective well-being relationship, based upon studies of United States adults published prior to 1980. Dependent variables were zero-order and first-order correlations. A total of 231 zero-order effect size estimates were extracted from 104 different sources, while a total of 189 first-order effect sizes were(More)
A semi-empirical method for the prediction of chemical shifts, based on bond polarization theory, has recently been introduced for (13)C. Here, we extended this approach to calculate the (19)F chemical shift tensors of fluorine bound to aromatic rings and in aliphatic CF(3) groups. For the necessary parametrization, ab initio chemical shift calculations(More)
Solid-state (13)C-NMR spectroscopy was used to characterize native cellulose pellicles from two strains of Gluconacetobacter xylinus (ATCC 53582, ATCC 23769), which had been statically cultivated in Hestrin-Schramm (HS) medium containing fully (13)C-labeled beta-D-glucose-U-(13)C(6) as the sole source of carbon. For both samples, the (13)C-NMR chemical(More)
A new method for refinement of 3D molecular structures by geometry optimization is presented. Prerequisites are a force field and a very fast procedure for the calculation of chemical shifts in every step of optimization. To the energy, provided by the force field (COSMOS force field), a pseudoenergy, depending on the difference between experimental and(More)
A His-X-His pseudotripeptide zinc complex (X is a N-alkyl glycine derivative) similar to the catalytic center of the carbonic anhydrase was computer designed and experimentally synthesized. Using 2D-NMR techniques, all proton, carbon chemical shifts and nuclear overhauser effect signals were assigned. The three-dimensional structure of the complex was(More)
31P double quantum (DQ) NMR is used for improved studies of the structure of phosphate glasses. The common Qn notation of the network forming tetrahedral phosphate units with n bridging oxygen atoms is extended to Qn,jkl indicating the Q type of the bonded adjacent units by the additional superscripts j,k and l. It will be shown that: (i) Q1 units have(More)
Structural parameters of peptides and proteins in biomembranes can be directly measured by solid state NMR of selectively labeled amino acids. The 19F nucleus is a promising label to overcome the low sensitivity of 2H, 13C or 15N, and to serve as a background-free reporter group in biological compounds. To make the advantages of solid state 19F NMR fully(More)
The NMR pulse sequence RAI (recoupling of anisotropy information) has been improved to obtain powder patterns at high MAS spinning speeds. The 2D iso-aniso experiment displays the static chemical shift spectra on the indirect dimension and the MAS spectra on the direct dimension; hence overlapping chemical shift tensor patterns can be well resolved. This(More)