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AIMS Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is a late onset autosomal dominantly inherited ataxic disorder, which belongs to the group of CAG repeat, or polyglutamine, diseases. Although, it has long been regarded as a 'pure' cerebellar disease, recent clinical studies have demonstrated disease signs challenging the view that neurodegeneration in SCA6 is(More)
Dysphagia, which can lead to nutritional deficiencies, weight loss and dehydration, represents a risk factor for aspiration pneumonia. Although clinical studies have reported the occurrence of dysphagia in patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2), type 3 (SCA3), type 6 (SCA6) and type 7 (SCA7), there are neither detailed clinical records(More)
Impairment of cholinergic transmission and decreased numbers of nicotinic binding sites are well-known features accompanying the cognitive dysfunction seen in Alzheimer's disease (AD). In order to elucidate the underlying cause of this cholinoceptive dysfunction, the expression of two pharmacologically different nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR)(More)
In spite of the considerable progress in clinical and molecular research, knowledge regarding brain damage in spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) and type 3 (SCA3) still is limited and the extent to which the thalamus is involved in both diseases is uncertain. Accordingly, we performed a pathoanatomical analysis on serial thick sections stained for(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the association of cognitive status with the stages of a published neuropathologic staging procedure for sporadic Parkinson disease (PD) in a cohort of 88 patients with PD from a single neurologic unit. None had received the clinical diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). METHODS The authors assessed Lewy neurites/bodies(More)
Although the vestibular complex represents an important component of the neural circuits crucial for the maintenance of truncal and postural stability, and it is integrated into specialized oculomotor circuits, knowledge regarding the extent of the involvement of its nuclei and associated fibre tracts in cases with spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) is(More)
Dysfunctions of the somatosensory system are among the clinical signs that characterize a variety of polyglutamine or CAG-repeat diseases. Deficits within this system may hinder the perception of potential threats, be detrimental to somatomotor functions, and result in uncoordinated movements, ataxia, and falls. Despite the considerable clinical relevance(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) is a polyglutamine disorder caused by a CAG repeat expansion in the coding region of a gene encoding ataxin-3. To study putative alterations of gene expression induced by expanded ataxin-3, we performed PCR-based cDNA subtractive hybridization in a cell culture model of SCA3. In rat mesencephalic CSM14.1 cells stably(More)
Dopamine (DA) autooxidation, and consequent formation of neurotoxic DA-derived quinones and reactive oxygen species, has been implicated in dopaminergic cell death and, hence, in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Stimulation of pathways involved in the detoxication of DA-quinones in the brain is hypothesized to be an effective means to limit(More)
Nicotinic ligand binding studies have shown rather early that the cholinoceptive system is affected in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Today, molecular histochemistry enables one to study the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunit expression on the cellular level in human autopsy brains, in animal models and in in vitro approaches, thus deciphering the(More)