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Although dietary trans fatty acids can affect plasma lipoproteins negatively in humans, no direct comparison with specific saturated fatty acids has been reported, even though trans fatty acids were designed to replace saturates in foods and food processing. In this study, dietary trans 18:1 [elaidic acid at 5.5% energy (en)] was specifically exchanged for(More)
BACKGROUND The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is consistently detected in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. To determine whether EBV infection is an early, initiating event in the development of this malignant tumor, we screened nasopharyngeal-biopsy samples, most of which were archival, for preinvasive lesions, including dysplasia and carcinoma in situ.(More)
The prevalence of human skeletal muscle sarcocystosis in Malaysia was determined by serial examination of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections of tongue tissues obtained from consecutive, routine autopsies of subjects aged 12 years or more. Of 100 tongues examined, 21% were found to contain Sarcocystis; 66 cysts were found. The number of cysts per(More)
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) samples of distinct histological types, including squamous cell carcinoma (WHO type 1), nonkeratinizing carcinoma (WHO type 2), and undifferentiated carcinoma (WHO type 3), were analyzed for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and gene expression by using in situ and biochemical techniques. The EBV-encoded RNAs (EBER) were(More)
PURPOSE To develop diagnostic standards and a risk-adapted therapeutic strategy for ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors (OSCST). PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifty-four patients were prospectively enrolled as follow-up patients onto the German Maligne Keimzelltumoren protocols. Surgical protocols and histopathology were reviewed centrally (53 patients with complete(More)
Recent focus on sustainability has made consumers more aware of our joint responsibility for conserving energy resources such as electricity. However, reducing electricity use can be difficult with only a meter and a monthly or annual electricity bill. With the emergence of new power meters units, information on electricity consumption is now available(More)
The ultrastructure of the human skeletal muscle sarcocyst found in Malaysia is reported. Sarcocyst-positive, formalin-fixed tongue tissues were postfixed in osmium tetroxide. The primary cyst wall consisted of a thin membrane supported by osmiophilic material that was interrupted regularly by vesicle-like invaginations. Although there were no cytophaneres,(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) receptors (EBV/C3d receptors) were detected, using the monoclonal antibody HB5, on 23 ectocervical and 5 endocervical biopsies of the uterine cervix. Elevated IgA titers against the viral capsid antigen and early antigen of EBV were also found in the cervical secretions from cervical carcinoma patients (83%), compared with samples(More)
Female Sprague-Dawley rats, 50 days of age, were treated with a single dose of 5 mg of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene intragastrically. 3 days after carcinogen treatment, the rats were put on semisynthetic diets containing 20% by weight of corn oil (CO), soybean oil (SBO), crude palm oil (CPO), refined, bleached, deodorized palm oil (RBD PO) and(More)
Established criteria for morphological typing of sarcocysts was applied to a large series of cases of human skeletal muscle sarcocystosis in Malaysia to determine the type of sarcocyst present. We also wanted to test the general usefulness of this classification and to determine if there are any new cyst types. Three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction was(More)