Rahul V Gopalkrishnan

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Human melanoma cells can be reprogrammed to terminally differentiate and irreversibly lose proliferative capacity by appropriate pharmacological manipulation. Subtraction hybridization identified melanoma differentiation-associated gene-5 (mda-5) as a gene induced during differentiation, cancer reversion, and programmed cell death (apoptosis). This gene(More)
Pancreatic cancer is an extremely aggressive neoplasm whose incidence equals its death rate. Despite intensive analysis, the genetic changes that mediate pancreatic cancer development and effective therapies for diminishing the morbidity associated with this disease remain unresolved. Through subtraction hybridization, we have identified a gene associated(More)
Subtraction hybridization identified melanoma differentiation-associated gene-7 (mda-7) as a gene induced during terminal differentiation in human melanoma cells. On the basis of structure, chromosomal localization and cytokine-like properties, mda-7 is classified as IL-24. Administration of mda-7/IL-24 by means of a replication-incompetent adenovirus(More)
Melanoma differentiation associated gene-5 (mda-5) was identified by subtraction hybridization as a novel upregulated gene in HO-1 human melanoma cells induced to terminally differentiate by treatment with IFN-beta+MEZ. Considering its unique structure, consisting of a caspase recruitment domain (CARD) and an RNA helicase domain, it was hypothesized that(More)
Malignant gliomas are extremely aggressive cancers currently lacking effective treatment modalities. Gene therapy represents a promising approach for this disease. A requisite component for improving gene-based therapies of brain cancer includes tumor suppressor genes that exhibit cancer constrained inhibitory activity. Subtraction hybridization identified(More)
Biochemical and genetic mutation-based analyses confirm that the MDA-7/IL-24 protein can induce transformed cell-specific apoptosis through a mechanism involving endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-associated pathways. Covalent modifications by N-linked glycans in the ER contribute to the conformational maturation and biological functions of many proteins.(More)
Experimental evidence documents that the MDA-7/IL-24 protein (an IL-10 family cytokine) binds to IL-20 and IL-22 receptor complexes resulting in the activation of JAK/STAT signaling pathways. Recent published reports utilizing human blood derived primary lymphocytes have provided additional confirmatory evidence relating to the cytokine properties of this(More)
The impact of dysregulation of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21WAF1/CIP1/MDA6 has been examined in U937 human monocytic leukemia cells in relation to cell cycle arrest and differentiation following treatment with the histone deacetylase inhibitor sodium butyrate (SB). Cells stably transfected with a p21WAF1/CIP1/MDA6 antisense construct, in marked(More)
The galectin family of proteins has been associated with several diverse cellular processes. More than 30 years since the discovery of the first member, precise biological functions for the family as a whole, or for individual members has proven elusive. The isolation of Prostate Carcinoma Tumor Antigen-1 (PCTA-1), a cDNA closely related to rat and human(More)
Abnormalities in cellular differentiation are frequent occurrences in human cancers. Treatment of human melanoma cells with recombinant fibroblast interferon (IFN-beta) and the protein kinase C activator mezerein (MEZ) results in an irreversible loss in growth potential, suppression of tumorigenic properties and induction of terminal cell differentiation.(More)