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Atypical antipsychotic drugs, such as clozapine and risperidone, have a high affinity for the serotonin 5-HT(2A) G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), the 2AR, which signals via a G(q) heterotrimeric G protein. The closely related non-antipsychotic drugs, such as ritanserin and methysergide, also block 2AR function, but they lack comparable neuropsychological(More)
We study D-branes on Calabi-Yau manifolds, carrying charges which are torsion elements of the K-theory. Interesting physics ensues when we follow these branes into nongeometrical phases of the compactification. On the level of K-theory, we determine the monodromies of the group of charges as we circle singular loci in the closed string moduli space. Going(More)
Rod vision begins when 11-cis-retinal absorbs a photon and isomerizes to all-trans-retinal (ATR) within the photopigment, rhodopsin. Photoactivated rhodopsin triggers an enzyme cascade that lowers the concentration of cGMP, thereby closing cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) ion channels. After isomerization, ATR dissociates from rhodopsin, and after a bright(More)
An important aspect of wireless networks is their dynamic behavior. The conventional protocol stack is inflexible as various protocol layers communicate in a strict manner. In such a case the layers are designed to operate under the worst conditions as opposed to adapting to changing conditions. This leads to inefficient use of spectrum and energy.(More)
Kir3 channels control heart rate and neuronal excitability through GTP-binding (G) protein and phosphoinositide signaling pathways. These channels were the first characterized effectors of the βγ subunits of G proteins. Because we currently lack structures of complexes between G proteins and Kir3 channels, their interactions leading to modulation of channel(More)
The atrial G protein (heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein)-regulated inwardly rectifying K(+) (GIRK1 and GIRK4) heterotetrameric channels underlie the acetylcholine-induced K(+) current responsible for vagal inhibition of heart rate and are activated by the G protein βγ subunits (Gβγ). We used a multistage protein-protein docking approach with(More)
The prevalence of superficial mycotic infection worldwide is 20-25% of which dermatophytes are the most common agents. Recent developments in understanding the pathophysiology of dermatophytosis have confirmed the central role of cell-mediated immunity in countering these infections. Hence, a lack of delayed hypersensitivity reaction in presence of a(More)
The increasing recognition of occupational origin of airborne contact dermatitis has brought the focus on the variety of irritants, which can present with this typical morphological picture. At the same time, airborne allergic contact dermatitis secondary to plant antigens, especially to Compositae family, continues to be rampant in many parts of the world,(More)
The question that started with the pioneering work of Otto Loewi in the 1920s, to identify how stimulation of the vagus nerve decreased heart rate, is approaching its 100th year anniversary. In the meantime, we have learned that the neurotransmitter acetylcholine acting through muscarinic M2 receptors activates cardiac potassium (Kir3) channels via the βγ(More)
—In this paper we investigate FER-based outer-loop power control for Successive Interference Cancellation. Specifically, we show that for unlimited mobile powers, FER-based outer-loop power control will drive the received powers to the power profile required to achieve equal performance. Further, when we consider power limits for specific mobiles, we find(More)