Rahul Krishnan Kutty

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The present report describes, for the first time, the identification of two constitutive forms of heme oxygenase, designated as HO-1 and HO-2, in rat liver microsomal fractions. HO-1 was purified to homogeneity and exhibited a specific activity of up to 4000 nmol of bilirubin/mg of protein/h. HO-2 was partially purified to a specific activity of 250 nmol of(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 is an important enzyme that degrades heme, a pro-oxidant, leading to the formation of antioxidant molecules. In this study we demonstrate by immunocytochemistry close association of heme oxygenase-1 with Alzheimer neurofibrillary pathology and with the neurofibrillary tangles found in progressive supranuclear palsy and subacute sclerosing(More)
Increased expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a common feature in a number of neurodegenerative diseases. Interestingly, the spatial distribution of HO-1 expression in diseased brain is essentially identical to that of pathological expression of tau. In this study, we explored the relationship between HO-1 and tau, using neuroblastoma cells stably(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effects of age and long-term light- or dark-rearing environments on acute, intense-light-mediated retinal degeneration. METHODS Male albino rats were maintained in a dim cyclic light environment or in darkness for as long as 1 year. When aged 2, 4, 8, and 12 months, some rats were given the synthetic antioxidant dimethylthiourea(More)
Inflammatory response of the retinal pigment epithelium plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of retinal degenerative diseases such as age-related macular degeneration. Our previous studies have shown that human retinal pigment epithelial (HRPE) cells, established from adult donor eyes, respond to inflammatory cytokines by enhancing the expression of a(More)
PURPOSE The inflammatory response of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is implicated in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration. The microRNAs miR-146a and miR-146b-5p can regulate the inflammatory process by attenuating cytokine signaling via the nuclear factor-κB pathway. The aim of the present study is to investigate the expression of(More)
Antibodies specific for heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were produced in rabbits, using the multiple antigen peptide (MAP) technique, and were employed to investigate the ability of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) to induce the HO-1 protein in cultured human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. Western blot analyses showed that the cytokine(More)
A technique based on RNA-PCR was successfully employed for the detection of guanylate cyclase-A (GC-A) mRNA in the rat retina. Three sets of primers designed from the published cDNA sequence of rat brain guanylate cyclase-A (GC-A) produced amplification products of expected sizes from the retina as well as brain. Analysis of retinal PCR products yielded a(More)
Biliverdin reductase in a stable form was purified to homogeneity from rat liver cytosol. The purified enzyme showed 3700-fold increase in specific activity when compared with the crude preparation, and the extent of recovery was 30-35%. The molecular weight was estimated at 34,000-36,000. The amino acid analysis of the purified preparation revealed the(More)