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It is now evident that Galpha(s) traffics into cytosol following G protein-coupled receptor activation, and alpha subunits of some heterotrimeric G-proteins, including Galpha(s) bind to tubulin in vitro. Nevertheless, many features of G-protein-microtubule interaction and possible intracellular effects of G protein alpha subunits remain unclear. In this(More)
Lipid rafts and caveolae are specialized membrane microdomains implicated in regulating G protein-coupled receptor signaling cascades. Previous studies have suggested that rafts/caveolae may regulate beta-adrenergic receptor/Galpha(s) signaling, but underlying molecular mechanisms are largely undefined. Using a simplified model system in C6 glioma cells,(More)
The heterotrimeric, G protein-coupled receptor-associated G protein, Gα(s), binds tubulin with nanomolar affinity and disrupts microtubules in cells and in vitro. Here we determine that the activated form of Gα(s) binds tubulin with a K(D) of 100 nm, stimulates tubulin GTPase, and promotes microtubule dynamic instability. Moreover, the data reveal that the(More)
A large percentage of current drugs target G-protein-coupled receptors, which couple to well-known signaling pathways involving cAMP or calcium. G-proteins themselves may subserve a second messenger function. Here, we review the role of tubulin and microtubules in directly mediating effects of heterotrimeric G-proteins on neuronal outgrowth, shape and(More)
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