Rahul Chanchlani

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Primary hyperoxaluria is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by deficiency of alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase, which is encoded by the AGXT gene. We report three Indian children with primary hyperoxaluria type1 having a common mutation in this gene. All patients had evidence of chronic kidney disease at the time of diagnosis, with subsequent(More)
Post-infectious glomerulonephritis (PIGN) usually follows a benign course, but few children have an atypical, severe presentation, and these exceptional cases have been linked to the dysregulation of the complement alternative pathway (CAP). There is a considerable overlap in the histopathological features of PIGN and C3 glomerulopathy (C3G), which is also(More)
Nephrotic syndrome is a common glomerular disease in children with significant variability in both incidence and steroid responsiveness among various ethnic groups. The average incidence of nephrotic syndrome is 2-16.9 per 100,000 children worldwide. Understanding the variability by ethnicity may point to potential factors leading to nephrotic syndrome,(More)
The authors present their experience with therapeutic plasmapheresis (TPE) using membrane filters at the pediatric dialysis unit of a referral center. Between January 2006 and December 2010, 486 sessions of TPE were performed in 39 patients (range 6-17 y), chiefly for atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS, n = 22), crescentic glomerulonephritis (n = 8)(More)
BACKGROUND Desmopressin (DDAVP) is often used prior to procedures to minimize bleeding in patients with renal failure; however, there is little evidence to support this practice. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the practice of administration of DDAVP prior to procedures within our division and to determine the number of bleeding episodes for(More)
There is a paucity of data on the rate of urological and vascular complications in very young children after kidney transplant. We conducted a study on the incidence and risk factors for early post-transplant surgical complications in young recipients (<5 years) over three decades. The primary outcome was any urological or vascular complication within 30(More)
Childhood chronic kidney disease (CKD) and dialysis are associated with increased long-term cardiovascular risk. We examined subclinical alterations in myocardial mechanics longitudinally in children with CKD, during dialysis, and following renal transplantation. Forty-eight children with CKD (stage III or higher) who received kidney transplants from 2008(More)
Active Vitamin D sterols such as calcitriol and alfacalcidol are quite effective in the treatment of mineral bone disease secondary to chronic kidney disease. However, some children on peritoneal dialysis (PD) are resistant to oral formulations of active Vitamin D, and use of an intravenous formulation in such patients is inconvenient. In these children,(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the incidence, etiology and outcome of Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) in hospitalized children. METHODS A prospective cohort study was carried out in 242 children between 6 mo to 18 y of age hospitalized with primary cardiac, renal or any systemic disorder at a tertiary care center in India. The primary outcome was the development of(More)
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