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In the present study, role of brain insulin receptors (IRs) in memory functions and its correlation with acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity and oxidative stress in different brain regions were investigated in intracerebroventricular (ICV) streptozotocin (STZ) induced dementia model. Rats were treated with STZ (3 mg/kg, ICV) on day 1 and 3. Donepezil (5(More)
Brain insulin receptors (IRs) have been suggested as an important regulatory factor for cognitive functions but the involvement of IR signaling in memory deficit associated with neurodegenerative conditions is not yet explored. In the present study, IR gene expression was studied by RT-PCR and signaling pathways by immunoblotting in CA1, DG and CA3(More)
We consider the problem of estimating rates of rare events for high dimensional, multivariate categorical data where several dimensions are hierarchical. Such problems are routine in several data mining applications including computational advertising, our main focus in this paper. We propose LMMH, a novel log-linear modeling method that scales to massive(More)
In the present study, neuroinflammation was induced by bilateral intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of Lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-alpha and IL-1beta), acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) and reduced glutathione (GSH) were studied as markers for neuroinflammation, cholinergic activity and(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and rotenone induced oxidative stress was investigated in homogenates of rat brain regions - striatum, mid brain, frontal cortex and hippocampus. LPS at concentration 1, 25 and 50μg and rotenone 1, 2 and 4mM was incubated with the brain homogenates and caused decrease in reduced glutathione (GSH) and rise in malondialdehyde (MDA) in(More)
Curcumin, the principal curcuminoid of turmeric, exhibits beneficial role in several neurodegenerative disorders such as dementia of Alzheimer type. Recent evidences suggest the involvement of brain insulin receptors (IRs) in the pathophysiology of dementia disorders. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of curcumin on(More)
The present study was planned to investigate the effect of anti-cholinesterase drugs donepezil and neostigmine on neuroinflammation induced by intracerebroventricular administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 50 microg) in rat. Proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-alpha and IL-1beta), expressions of iNOS and COX-2, acetylcholinesterase activity, malondialdehyde(More)
This study investigated the influence of the cholinergic system on neuro-inflammation using nicotinic and muscarinic receptor agonists and antagonists. Intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 50 microg) was used to induce neuro-inflammation in rats and estimations of pro-inflammatory cytokines, alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine(More)
Quality nutrition during the period of brain formation is a predictor of brain functional capacity and plasticity during adulthood; however it is not clear how this conferred plasticity imparts long-term neural resilience. Here we report that early exposure to dietary omega-3 fatty acids orchestrates key interactions between metabolic signals and Bdnf(More)
We pursued studies to determine the effects of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) on brain, and the possibility of modulating these effects by dietary interventions. In addition, we have assessed potential mechanisms by which brain metabolic disorders can impact synaptic plasticity and cognition. We report that high-dietary fructose consumption leads to an(More)