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—In this paper key design issues and considerations of a low-cost 3-D Cu-TSV technology are investigated. The impact of TSV on BEOL interconnect reliability is limited, no failures have been observed. The impact of TSV stress on MOS devices causes shifts, further analysis is required to understand their importance. Thermal hot spots in 3-D chip stacks cause(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate a markerless tracking system for real-time stereo-endoscopic visualization of preoperative computed tomographic imaging as an augmented display during robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. METHODS Stereoscopic video segments of a patient undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for tumor and another(More)
Concurrent programs are notorious for containing errors that are difficult to reproduce and diagnose at run-time. This motivated the development of type systems that statically ensure the absence of some common kinds of concurrent programming errors including data races and atomicity violations. A method is atomic if every execution of the concurrent(More)
Concurrent programs are notorious for containing errors that are difficult to reproduce and diagnose. A common kind of concurrency error is deadlock, which occurs when a set of threads is blocked each trying to acquire a lock held by another thread in that set. Static and dynamic (run-time) analysis techniques exist to detect deadlocks. Havelund's GoodLock(More)
We describe the design challenges for a low-cost 130nm 3D CMOS technology with 5µm diameter at 10µm pitch Cu-TSV. We investigate electrical, thermal and thermo-mechanical issues encountered in 3D. The electrical yield and ESD of TSVs is reviewed and designers are advised how to ensure yield and reliability. For thermal and thermo-mechanical(More)
Concurrent programs are notorious for containing errors that are difficult to reproduce and diagnose. Two common kinds of concurrency errors are data races and atomicity violations (informally, atomicity means that executing methods concurrently is equivalent to executing them serially). Several static and dynamic (run-time) analysis techniques exist to(More)
Florid cemento-osseous dysplasia (FCOD) is one of the uncommon dysplasias affecting the maxillofacial region. The age group may vary from 19 to 76 years and typically presents in the 4th and 5th decades. In most cases patients do not have hereditary basis of disease, and only a few familial cases have been documented. As far as we know this is the 1st(More)
OBJECTIVES Remote presence is the ability of an individual to project himself from one location to another to see, hear, roam, talk, and interact just as if that individual were actually there. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and functionality of a novel mobile robotic telementoring system controlled by a portable laptop control(More)