Rahmet Caylan

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In 2002 and 2003, a total of 19 persons in Turkey had suspected cases of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) or a similar viral infection. Six serum samples were tested; all six were found positive for immunoglobulin M antibodies against CCHF virus. Two of the samples yielded CCHF virus isolates. Genetic analysis of the virus isolates showed them to be(More)
Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) are recognized as causing nosocomial and community-acquired infections in every region of the world. The resistance to antimicrobial agents among staphylococci is an increasing problem. Clindamycin (CL) is considered to be one of the alternative agents in these infections. This study(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates carrying IMP- or VIM-type metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) have been increasingly reported in hospitals worldwide. One hundred P. aeruginosa clinical isolates from unrelated inpatients hospitalized at a Turkish university hospital were screened for the presence of bla(IMP) and bla(VIM) genes by polymerase chain reaction (PCR).(More)
BACKGROUND The efficiency of ribavirin for treatment of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is unknown. In the literature, prospective randomized studies investigating the efficacy of ribavirin are not found. OBJECTIVES To investigate the efficacy of ribavirin in treatment of patients with CCHF. STUDY DESIGN In this prospective randomized cohort(More)
BACKGROUND Effective planning and preparedness against a possible future A/H5N1 influenza pandemic is a major global challenge. Because dose sparing strategies are required to meet the global demand for vaccine, efforts have focused on the development of adjuvanted vaccine formulations of relatively lower antigen content. AIM This study aimed to(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the quality of antibiotic prophylaxis for clean and clean-contaminated elective surgical procedures. DESIGN A cross-sectional, country-wide survey. SETTING Thirty-six hospitals in 12 cities in Turkey. PARTICIPANTS Four hundred thirty-nine surgeons from 6 different specialties who performed selected procedures of interest. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Intravascular catheters are integral to the practice of modern medicine. Potential risk factors for catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) include underlying disease, method of catheter insertion, and duration and purpose of catheterization. The administration of parenteral nutrition (PN) through intravascular catheters increases CRBSI(More)
The total annual expenditure of antimicrobials in Turkey in 2002 was 24% of all drug spending. In order to reduce the cost of drug expenditure, the Turkish government introduced a new restriction policy on the prescription of antimicrobials in June 2003. This new policy is based on the justification that the physicians specializing in infectious diseases(More)
The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the epidemiology of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in a university hospital of Turkey. From June 2000 to December 2001, S. maltophilia strains were collected, clinical presentations were noted, and MIC determinations were performed by means of E-test. Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus sequences-PCR(More)
OBJECTIVE Intravascular catheters are indispensable tools in modern medical therapy. In spite of their great benefits, however, the widespread use of catheters leads to several complications, including infections that cause significant morbidity, mortality, and economic losses for hospitalized patients. DESIGN This study was conducted at Farabi Hospital,(More)