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The effects and mechanisms of action of diepoxybutane (DEB) and mitomycin C (MMC) were investigated on sea urchin embryogenesis, (Sphaerechinus granularis and Paracentrotus lividus). DEB- and MMC-induced toxicity was evaluated by means of selected end-points, including developmental defects, cytogenetic abnormalities and alterations in the redox status(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the toxicity of two rare earth elements (REE), cerium and lanthanum on sea urchin embryos and sperm. Sea urchin (Paracentrotus lividus) embryos were reared for 72 h in Ce(IV)- or La(III)-contaminated seawater at concentrations ranging from 10(-8) to 10(-5) M. Cleaving embryos (5h post-fertilization) were submitted to(More)
Due to municipal, industrial and nonpoint source waste discharges to streams and rivers and tendency of many chemicals to become associated with sediments. Sediments are particularly problematic near densely populated and industrialised urban areas, such as the Izmir metropolitan area in west part of Turkey. The aim of this study was to determine the(More)
In the recent decades, rare earth elements (REE) have undergone a steady spread in several industrial and medical applications, and in agriculture. Relatively scarce information has been acquired to date on REE-associated biological effects, from studies of bioaccumulation and of bioassays on animal, plant and models; a few case reports have focused on(More)
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the toxicity of aluminum sulfate, ferric chloride and their 1:1 mixture (Mix) on early development, fertilization and offspring quality in three sea urchins species (Sphaerechinus granularis, Paracentrotus lividus, Psammechinus microtuberculatus) and in mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis). The endpoints were the(More)
BACKGROUND Broad-ranging adverse effects are known for rare earth elements (REE), yet only a few studies tested the toxicity of several REE, prompting studies focusing on multi-parameter REE toxicity. METHODS Trichloride salts of Y, La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu and Gd were tested in Paracentrotus lividus sea urchin embryos and sperm for: (1) developmental defects(More)
This study was to investigate developmental toxicity of some selected low molecular weight antioxidants, by utilising sea urchin embryos and gametes as model system. Sea urchin embryos or sperm were exposed at different developmental stages to L-methionine or some selected low molecular weight antioxidants: a) N-acetylcysteine; b) L-carnosine; c)(More)
In this study, embryotoxic and genotoxic effects of nonylphenol (NP) and octylphenol (OP), which are the derivates of alkylphenol (APs), were evaluated using the gametes and embryos of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus. The sperm and eggs of sea urchins were exposed to increasing concentrations of NP (0.937-18.74 microg/L) and OP (5-160 microg/L) under(More)
BACKGROUND A number of applications have been developed using rare earth elements (REE), implying several human exposures and raising unsolved questions as to REE-associated health effects. METHODS A MedLine survey was retrieved from early reports (1980s) up to June 2015, focused on human and animal exposures to REE. Literature from animal models was(More)
Tannin from mimosa trees (Acacia sp.) utilized in traditional leather tanning was tested for toxicity in sea urchin (Sphaerechinus granularis and Paracentrotus lividus) embryos and sperm, marine, and freshwater algae (Selenastrum capricornutum and Dunaliella tertiolecta), and Daphnia magna. Based on a two-step tanning procedure used in traditional(More)