Rahel Wampfler

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Carriage and density of gametocytes, the transmission stages of malaria parasites, are determined for predicting the infectiousness of humans to mosquitoes. This measure is used for evaluating interventions that aim at reducing malaria transmission. Gametocytes need to be detected by amplification of stage-specific transcripts, which requires RNA-preserving(More)
BACKGROUND The undetectable hypnozoite reservoir for relapsing Plasmodium vivax and P. ovale malarias presents a major challenge for malaria control and elimination in endemic countries. This study aims to directly determine the contribution of relapses to the burden of P. vivax and P. ovale infection, illness, and transmission in Papua New Guinean(More)
A better understanding of human-to-mosquito transmission is crucial to control malaria. In order to assess factors associated with gametocyte carriage, 2083 samples were collected in a cross-sectional survey in Papua New Guinea. Plasmodium species were detected by light microscopy and qPCR and gametocytes by detection of pfs25 and pvs25 mRNA transcripts by(More)
UNLABELLED Prevention of relapse of Plasmodium vivax infection is a key treatment goal in malaria. Use of P. vivax genotyping in a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled phase 2b study in Peru, India, Thailand, and Brazil allowed determination of genetically heterologous or homologous P. vivax infection recurrence following receipt of(More)
P. vivax was detected by PCR in 45% of children aged 5-10 years from our study area in Papua New Guinea (PNG). 504 children were randomized into 2 arms according to Primaquine (PQ) treatment or not at base-line and actively and passively followed for 9 months. We genotyped all P. vivax infections, the majority of these being multi-clone infections. All(More)
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