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The hepatitis C virus (HCV) isolate JFH1 represents the only cloned wild-type sequence capable of efficient replication in cell culture, as well as in chimpanzees. Previous reports have pointed to the viral polymerase NS5B as a major determinant for efficient replication of this isolate. To understand the underlying mechanisms, we expressed and purified(More)
The lipid kinase phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase III alpha (PI4KIIIα) is an essential host factor of hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication. PI4KIIIα catalyzes the synthesis of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P) accumulating in HCV replicating cells due to enzyme activation resulting from its interaction with nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A). This study(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2a isolate JFH1 represents the only cloned HCV wild-type sequence capable of efficient replication in cell culture as well as in vivo. Previous reports have pointed to NS5B, the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), as a major determinant for efficient replication of this isolate. To understand the contribution of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Virus-specific CD8+ T cells are required for the control of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We investigated the extent to which different effector functions of CD8+ T cells contribute to the inhibition of viral replication. METHODS We developed a novel immunologic model by stably transducing the HLA-A2 gene into the replicon system,(More)
Five murine hybridoma lines that produce monoclonal antibodies against Epstein-Barr virus membrane antigen (MA) were established. Immunoprecipitation experiments demonstrated that three of the antibodies precipitated both the 236,000 (236K) MA and the 212K MA. The other two antibodies precipitated the 86K MA. Antibodies against the 236K-212K MA and the 86K(More)
UNLABELLED The lipid kinase phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase III alpha (PI4KIIIα) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident enzyme that synthesizes phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P). PI4KIIIα is an essential host factor for hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication. Interaction with HCV nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) leads to kinase activation and(More)
UNLABELLED Intravenous silibinin (SIL) is an approved therapeutic that has recently been applied to patients with chronic hepatitis C, successfully clearing hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in some patients even in monotherapy. Previous studies suggested multiple antiviral mechanisms of SIL; however, the dominant mode of action has not been determined. We(More)
Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV), like hepatitis C virus (HCV), requires phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase IIIα (PI4KA) for genome replication. Here, we demonstrate that tyrphostin AG1478, a known epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor, also inhibits PI4KA activity, both in vitro and in cells. AG1478 impaired replication of EMCV and HCV but not that(More)
The immediate-early (IE) genes of murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) are expressed in the absence of prior viral protein synthesis and regulate the transcription of MCMV early genes. The effect of MCMV IE genes on growth induction was studied. Different plasmids containing MCMV IE genes were microinjected into arrested NIH 3T3 mouse fibroblasts. Plasmids(More)