Raheema S Muhammad-Kah

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Potential long-term health effects from tobacco products can be estimated by measuring changes in biochemical indicators of disease mechanisms like inflammation. This study assesses the potential(More)
UNLABELLED Previous studies indicate that cigarette smokers have a 5-30% higher white blood cell counts (WBC) compared to non-smokers and higher red blood cell counts. METHODS This study was to(More)
OBJECTIVE Exposure to cigarette smoke in adult smokers (SM) can be determined by measuring urinary excretion of selected smoke constituents or metabolites. Complete 24h urine collections are(More)
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