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Cadmium (Cd) is a toxic heavy metal that enters the environment through various anthropogenic sources, and inhibits plant growth and development. Cadmium toxicity may result from disturbance in plant metabolism as a consequence of disturbance in the uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients. Plant nutrients and Cd compete for the same transporters and,(More)
Salicylic acid (SA) is known to affect photosynthesis under normal conditions and induces tolerance in plants to biotic and abiotic stresses through influencing physiological processes. In this study, physiological processes were compared in salt-tolerant (Pusa Vishal) and salt-sensitive (T44) cultivars of mungbean and examined how much these processes were(More)
Mustard (Brassica juncea L.) cultivars Alankar (salt-tolerant) and PBM16 (salt-sensitive) plants were grown with 50 mM NaCl and were sprayed with 0.1, 0.5, and 1.0 mM salicylic acid (SA) to study the physiological processes determining salt tolerance and to observe the influence of SA application on the alleviation of NaCl-induced adverse effects. The(More)
Cadmium is known to reduce photosynthesis and overall growth of plants. Plants adopt several mechanisms of Cd detoxification, such as accumulation of sulfur-rich compounds, like glutathione (GSH) and its precursor cysteine. The accumulation of GSH is regulated by the activity of ATP-sulfurylase, a rate-limiting enzyme in sulfur assimilation. The carbon of(More)
In order to ascertain the stomatal and photosynthetic responses of mustard to ethylene under varying N availability, photosynthetic characteristics of mustard grown with optimal (80 mg N kg(-1) soil) or low (40 mg N kg(-1) soil) N were studied after the application of an ethylene-releasing compound, ethephon (2-chloroethyl phosphonic acid) at 40 days after(More)
Sulfur (S) assimilation results in the synthesis of cysteine (Cys), a common metabolite for the formation of both reduced glutathione (GSH) and ethylene. Thus, ethylene may have regulatory interaction with GSH in the alleviation of salt stress. The involvement of ethylene in the alleviation of salt stress by S application was studied in mustard (Brassica(More)
Ascorbate (AsA)-glutathione (GSH) cycle metabolism has been regarded as the most important defense mechanism for the resistance of plants under stress. In this study the influence of salicylic acid (SA) was studied on ascorbate-glutathione pathway, S-assimilation, photosynthesis and growth of mustard (Brassica juncea L.) plants subjected to 100 mM NaCl.(More)
Mustard (Brassica juncea L.) is characterized by oblong-shaped leaves on the lower layers of axis. These leaves are poorly illuminated, remain below light photosynthetic compensation point and abscise at maturity. Earlier research has shown that the removal of these shaded leaves improves photosynthetic potential of the rest of the leaves, the overall(More)
To examine the possible relationship between the activity of 1-aminocyclopropane carboxylic acid synthase (ACS; EC 4.4.1.14) and growth of mustard (Brassica juncea L.), ACS activity, ethylene and plant growth were studied in the presence of ACS activity modulators in no-defoliation and defoliated plants. Growth of plants was greatest when subjected to(More)
Sulfur (S) is an essential nutrient element required in a large quantity by mustard. S regulates photosynthesis and plant growth through improving nitrogen (N) acquisition. Mustard cultivars Alankar, Varuna, Pusa Jai Kisan, and SS2 differing in S accumulation capacity calculated as sulfate transport index (STI) were tested for ATP-sulfurylase activity, S(More)
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