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Geodesic registration methods have been used to solve the large deformation registration problems, which are hard to solve with conventional registration methods. However, analytically defined geodesics may not coincide with anatomically optimal paths of registration. In this paper we propose a novel and efficient method for large deformation registration(More)
Sex differences in human behavior show adaptive complementarity: Males have better motor and spatial abilities, whereas females have superior memory and social cognition skills. Studies also show sex differences in human brains but do not explain this complementarity. In this work, we modeled the structural connectome using diffusion tensor imaging in a(More)
Left hemispheric language dominance is well established, but the structural substrate for this functional asymmetry is uncertain. We report a strong asymmetry in the relative fiber density of the arcuate fasciculus, a white matter pathway associated with language that connects the frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes. Measured with diffusion tensor(More)
The most common approaches to automatic emotion recognition rely on utterance level prosodic features. Recent studies have shown that utterance level statistics of segmental spectral features also contain rich information about expressivity and emotion. In our work we introduce a more fine-grained yet robust set of spectral features: statistics of(More)
The goal of this study is to characterize the potential effect of artifacts originating from physiological noise on statistical analysis of diffusion tensor MRI (DTI) data in a population. DTI derived quantities including mean diffusivity (Trace(D)), fractional anisotropy (FA), and principal eigenvector (ε(1)) are computed in the brain of 40 healthy(More)
Several independent studies have demonstrated that small amounts of in-scanner motion systematically bias estimates of resting-state functional connectivity. This confound is of particular importance for studies of neurodevelopment in youth because motion is strongly related to subject age during this period. Critically, the effects of motion on(More)
Examination of resting state brain activity using electrophysiological measures like complexity as well as functional connectivity is of growing interest in the study of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The present paper jointly examined complexity and connectivity to obtain a more detailed characterization of resting state brain activity in ASD.(More)
Sex differences in human cognition are marked, but little is known regarding their neural origins. Here, in a sample of 674 human participants ages 9-22, we demonstrate that sex differences in cognitive profiles are related to multivariate patterns of resting-state functional connectivity MRI (rsfc-MRI). Males outperformed females on motor and spatial(More)
Diffusion magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is evolving into a potent tool in the examination of the central nervous system. Although it is often used for the detection of acute ischemia, evaluation of directionality in a diffusion measurement can be useful in white matter, which demonstrates strong diffusion anisotropy. Techniques such as diffusion-tensor(More)
The Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort (PNC) is a large-scale, NIMH funded initiative to understand how brain maturation mediates cognitive development and vulnerability to psychiatric illness, and understand how genetics impacts this process. As part of this study, 1445 adolescents ages 8-21 at enrollment underwent multimodal neuroimaging. Here, we(More)