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Endogenous damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) molecules are released from cells during traumatic injury, allowing them to interact with pattern recognition receptors such as the toll-like receptors (TLRs) on other cells and subsequently, to stimulate inflammatory signaling. TLR4, in particular, plays a key role in systemic and remote organ responses(More)
INTRODUCTION Concurrent iliac occlusion and abdominal aortic aneurysm is rare. Traditionally, the endovascular approach to these patients has consisted of aortouniiliac devices combined with femoral-femoral bypass. With improved facility of endovascular techniques, standard bifurcated endografts represent an alternative option in these patients. This study(More)
High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a 30-kDa DNA-binding protein that displays proinflammatory cytokine-like properties. HMGB1-dependent inflammatory processes have been demonstrated in models of sterile injury, including ischemia-reperfusion injury and hemorrhagic shock. Here, we tested the hypothesis that the systemic inflammatory response and associated(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury leads to graft dysfunction and may contribute to alloimmune responses posttransplantation. The molecular mechanisms of cold I/R injury are only partially characterized but may involve toll-like receptor (TLR)-4 activation by endogenous ligands. We tested the hypothesis that TLR4 mediates the early inflammatory(More)
BACKGROUND Toll-Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling mediates early inflammation after cold ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). We hypothesized that the TLR4 coreceptor CD14, the intracellular adaptor proteins myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) and TIR domain-containing-adaptor inducing IFNbeta (TRIF) would be required for cold I/R induced inflammation. High(More)
Vascular disease, a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the developed world, results from vascular injury. Following vascular injury, damaged or dysfunctional endothelial cells and activated SMCs engage in vasoproliferative remodeling and the formation of flow-limiting intimal hyperplasia (IH). We hypothesized that vascular injury results in(More)
As endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair has become increasingly prominent in our vascular surgery practices, the discussion regarding long-term durability continues. The initial randomized trials that enrolled patients almost 10 years ago revealed a short-term survival advantage with endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair at the expense of a(More)
OBJECTIVES The Mortality and Morbidity (M&M) conference is a staple of surgical training programs. With reduced resident work hours, maximizing limited educational opportunities has become essential. We attempted to determine whether increasing the perceived educational value in M&M conference is associated with enhanced confidence levels in the future. We(More)
Ischemic stroke from thromboembolic sources is linked to carotid artery atherosclerotic disease with a trend toward medical management in asymptomatic patients. Extent of disease is currently diagnosed by non-invasive imaging techniques that measure luminal stenosis, but it has been suggested that a better biomarker for determining risk of future(More)
FADD/MORT1 (The adaptor protein of Fas Associate Death Domain/Mediator of Receptor Induced Toxicity) is essential for signal transduction of death receptor signaling. We have previously shown that FADD is significantly up-regulated in TNFalpha/ActD induced apoptosis. Over-expression of FADD also induces death of lung cancer cells and primary hepatocytes. We(More)