Raghu Varier

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Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is costly. Current guidelines recommend metronidazole as first-line therapy and vancomycin as an alternative. Recurrence is common. Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is an effective therapy for recurrent CDI (RCDI). This study explores the cost-effectiveness of FMT, vancomycin and metronidazole for initial CDI. We(More)
OBJECTIVE Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) places a high burden on the US healthcare system. Recurrent CDI (RCDI) occurs frequently. Recently proposed guidelines from the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) and the American Gastroenterology Association (AGA) include fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) as a therapeutic option for RCDI. The(More)
Neonatal cholestasis results from a variety of etiologies, including anatomic, infectious, and metabolic abnormalities. Hyperthyroidism, in contrast to hypothyroidism, is infrequently associated with neonatal cholestasis. Newborn screening is an important tool to detect newborn metabolic disorders, including thyroid dysfunction. However, one must exercise(More)
Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) are becoming the workhorse of scalable computations. MADNESS is a scientific framework used especially for computational chemistry. Most MADNESS applications use operators that involve many small tensor computations, resulting in a less regular organization of computations on GPUs. A single GPU kernel may have to multiply by(More)
There are limited data on the natural history of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) in children. We aimed to describe the disease characteristics and long-term outcomes of pediatric PSC. We retrospectively collected all pediatric PSC cases from 36 participating institutions and conducted a survival analysis from the date of PSC diagnosis to dates of(More)
Presentation A previously healthy 13-year-old girl presents to the emergency department with a 2-week history of worsening sore throat and a 4-day history of left neck swelling, pain, and fever. Results of evaluation by a prior clinician at the onset of symptoms included a negative rapid streptococcal antigen test and a positive heterophile antibody test,(More)
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