Raghu V Durvasula

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Glomerular diseases remain the leading cause of chronic and end-stage kidney disease. Significant advances in our understanding of human glomerular diseases have been enabled by the development and better characterization of animal models. Diseases of the glomerular epithelial cells (podocytes) account for the majority of proteinuric diseases. Rodents have(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Podocyte injury is a central event in the development of glomerulosclerosis. This review highlights contributions from the past year to our understanding of mechanisms of podocyte injury and implications for potential treatment strategies of glomerular disease. RECENT FINDINGS Rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton, the backbone linking(More)
BACKGROUND Podocyte loss contributes to the development of glomerulosclerosis. Although podocytes have been detected in the urine in certain glomerular diseases, the viability of detached cells is not known. METHODS Urine was collected from rats with experimental membranous nephropathy [passive Heymann nephritis (PHN) model], centrifuged, and following(More)
BACKGROUND Podocyte proliferation is an uncommon response to glomerular injury and its lack may underlie the development of glomerulosclerosis. However, whether podocytes have the capacity to enter and finish mitosis and cytokinesis is not known. METHODS The expression of mitotic cell cycle proteins (phosphorylated Histone 3, Cdc2, cyclin B1 and B2) was(More)
BACKGROUND A decrease in podocyte number contributes to the development of glomerulosclerosis in diabetic nephropathy. Although podocytes have been detected in the urine in certain glomerular diseases, their viability is poorly understood. METHODS Diabetes was induced in rats with streptozotocin. Urine was collected from control rats (given citrate), and(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis causes substantial morbidity and mortality in hospitalised patients. Although many studies describe the use of protocols in the management of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock, few have addressed emergency department (ED) screening and management for patients initially presenting with uncomplicated sepsis (ie, patients without(More)
Glomerular capillary hypertension is a final common pathway to glomerulosclerosis. Because podocyte loss is an early event in the development of glomerulosclerosis, it is logical that the deleterious effects of glomerular capillary hypertension involve podocyte injury. Yet, the mechanisms by which elevated intraglomerular pressure is translated into a(More)
Over the past two decades, industrial activity has increased rapidly in developing nations. Industrial growth has also increased the health risks facing workers in these countries both by intensifying existing health problems and by introducing new hazards. Inadequate information about occupational hazards creates major obstacles to effective prevention of(More)
The renoprotective effects of pharmacologic inhibition of angiotensin II extend beyond the blood pressure-lowering effects alone, consistent with the observation that angiotensin II is produced locally within the kidney and mediates tissue injury through a series of nonhemodynamic effects. Podocytes are terminally differentiated epithelial cells that(More)
Podocytopenia characterizes many forms of glomerular disease, preceding the development of glomerulosclerosis. While detachment of viable podocytes from the underlying glomerular basement membrane is an important mechanism of podocyte loss, the underlying factors involved remain unclear. Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC), a matricellular(More)