Raghu Nath

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A number of promutagenic exocyclic DNA adducts have recently been detected in both humans and rodents without carcinogen treatment. These observations raised questions about their origins and potential significance in carcinogenesis. In this commentary, we present our views pertaining to the in vivo sources of these cyclic adducts, specifically the cyclic(More)
Alcoholic beverage consumption is associated with an increased risk of upper gastrointestinal cancer. Acetaldehyde (AA), the first metabolite of ethanol, is a suspected human carcinogen, but the molecular mechanisms underlying AA carcinogenicity are unclear. In this work, we tested the hypothesis that polyamines could facilitate the formation of mutagenic(More)
and other alcoholic beverages (12). AdG3 and CdG are detected in animals treated with carcinogens such as cyclophosphamide and NPYR (13,14). Immunoassays have shown that 1,N2-propanodeox yguanosine adducts are present in the DNA of Salmonella lyphi murium tester strains and cultured Chinese hamster ovary cells treated with acrolein and crotonaldehyde (15,(More)
Our studies found that BRCA1 levels negatively correlate with DNA adducts induced by Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP). Pulse-chase experiments showed that the increase in BaP-induced DNA adducts in BRCA1 knockdown cells may not be associated with BRCA1's function in nucleotide excision repair activity; rather, it may be associated with its function in modulating(More)
At the International Workshop on Genotoxicity Test Procedures (IWGTP) held in Washington, DC (March 25-26, 1999), a working group considered the uses of DNA adduct determination methods for testing compounds for genotoxicity. When a drug or chemical displays an unusual or inconsistent combination of positive and negative results in in vitro and in vivo(More)
Recent reports indicate that many of the cytotoxic and health-threatening components of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) reside in the vapor phase of the smoke. We have reported previously that inhalation of 1,3-butadiene, a prominent vapor phase component of ETS, accelerates arteriosclerotic plaque development in cockerels. In this study we asked whether(More)
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