Learn More
t-4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is a free radical-mediated oxidation product of polyunsaturated fatty acids. As an electrophile, HNE readily binds to proteins and yields diastereomeric cyclic 1,N2-propano adducts with deoxyguanosine (dG). Here, we report the detection and identification of the HNE-derived cyclic 1,N2-propano-dG adducts as endogenous DNA lesions(More)
Exocyclic adducts are unique DNA modifications resulting from binding at two sites of bases that normally are involved in hydrogen-bonding for maintaining the double-helical structure of DNA. These adducts have been shown to be formed in rodents upon exposure to carcinogens. Using a sensitive 32P-postlabeling method combined with high performance liquid(More)
A number of promutagenic exocyclic DNA adducts have recently been detected in both humans and rodents without carcinogen treatment. These observations raised questions about their origins and potential significance in carcinogenesis. In this commentary, we present our views pertaining to the in vivo sources of these cyclic adducts, specifically the cyclic(More)
Alcoholic beverage consumption is associated with an increased risk of upper gastrointestinal cancer. Acetaldehyde (AA), the first metabolite of ethanol, is a suspected human carcinogen, but the molecular mechanisms underlying AA carcinogenicity are unclear. In this work, we tested the hypothesis that polyamines could facilitate the formation of mutagenic(More)
Highly DNA-reactive alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes such as acrolein and crotonaldehyde are common environmental pollutants present in cigarette smoke and automobile exhaust and are also released endogenously by lipid peroxidation. Acrolein- and crotonaldehyde-derived 1,N2-propanodeoxyguanosine (AdG and CdG, respectively) have been detected in the tissues(More)
Earlier, we detected the cyclic adducts of deoxyguanosine (dG) derived from t-4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE), a long chain alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehyde (enal) product from oxidation of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, in tissue DNA of rats and humans as endogenous DNA damage. Recent evidence implicates the cyclic HNE adducts in human liver carcinogenesis.(More)
The detection of 1,N2-propanodeoxyguanosine adducts in the DNA of rodent and human tissues as endogenous lesions has raised important questions regarding the source of their formation and their roles in carcinogenesis. Both in vitro and in vivo studies have generated substantial evidence which supports the involvement of short- and long-chain enals derived(More)
32P-postlabeling analysis, a highly sensitive method for the detection and measurement of covalent carcinogen-DNA adducts and other DNA modifications, does not require radioactive test substances and, therefore, can be applied to DNA of mammals, including humans exposed to low doses of environmental or occupational genotoxicants. The basic procedure entails(More)