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Results obtained in a number of studies in vitro and in vivo support the hypothesis that short- and long-chain enals and their epoxides derived from oxidized polyunsaturated fatty acids are potential endogenous sources of cyclic propano and etheno DNA adducts. We previously reviewed the evidence from some of these studies. Here, we describe the results of(More)
Highly DNA-reactive alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes such as acrolein and crotonaldehyde are common environmental pollutants present in cigarette smoke and automobile exhaust and are also released endogenously by lipid peroxidation. Acrolein- and crotonaldehyde-derived 1,N2-propanodeoxyguanosine (AdG and CdG, respectively) have been detected in the tissues(More)
Exocyclic adducts are unique DNA modifications resulting from binding at two sites of bases that normally are involved in hydrogen-bonding for maintaining the double-helical structure of DNA. These adducts have been shown to be formed in rodents upon exposure to carcinogens. Using a sensitive 32P-postlabeling method combined with high performance liquid(More)
t-4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is a free radical-mediated oxidation product of polyunsaturated fatty acids. As an electrophile, HNE readily binds to proteins and yields diastereomeric cyclic 1,N2-propano adducts with deoxyguanosine (dG). Here, we report the detection and identification of the HNE-derived cyclic 1,N2-propano-dG adducts as endogenous DNA lesions(More)
A number of promutagenic exocyclic DNA adducts have recently been detected in both humans and rodents without carcinogen treatment. These observations raised questions about their origins and potential significance in carcinogenesis. In this commentary, we present our views pertaining to the in vivo sources of these cyclic adducts, specifically the cyclic(More)
Oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) releases alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes that modify deoxyguanosine (dG) to form cyclic 1,N(2)-propanodeoxyguanosine adducts. One of the major adducts detected in vivo is acrolein (Acr)-derived 1,N(2)-propanodeoxyguanosine (Acr-dG). We used a chemical model system to examine the effects of 4 antioxidants(More)
Alcoholic beverage consumption is associated with an increased risk of upper gastrointestinal cancer. Acetaldehyde (AA), the first metabolite of ethanol, is a suspected human carcinogen, but the molecular mechanisms underlying AA carcinogenicity are unclear. In this work, we tested the hypothesis that polyamines could facilitate the formation of mutagenic(More)
The detection of 1,N2-propanodeoxyguanosine adducts in the DNA of rodent and human tissues as endogenous lesions has raised important questions regarding the source of their formation and their roles in carcinogenesis. Both in vitro and in vivo studies have generated substantial evidence which supports the involvement of short- and long-chain enals derived(More)
I(indigenous)-compounds are age-related, carcinogen adduct-like, putative indigenous DNA modifications detectable by 32P-postlabeling assay in untreated animals. To investigate the origins of these DNA derivatives, we examined the effects of dietary vitamin E, a natural antioxidant, on I-compounds of rat liver and kidney DNA. Weanling female Sprague-Dawley(More)
Our previous study (R.G. Nath and F-L. Chung; Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 91: 7491-7495, 1994), using a 32P postlabeling method combined with high-performance liquid chromatography specifically developed for exocyclic adducts, has shown that acrolein- and crotonaldehyde-derived 1,N2-propanodeoxyguanosine adducts (AdG and CdG, respectively) are present in(More)